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evolution

 [ev″o-lu´shun]
the process of development in which an organ or organism becomes more and more complex by the differentiation of its parts; a continuous and progressive change according to certain laws and by means of resident forces.
convergent evolution the development, in animals that are only distantly related, of similar structures or functions in adaptation to similar environments.

ev·o·lu·tion

(ev'ō-lū'shŭn),
1. A continuing process of change from one state, condition, or form to another.
2. A progressive distancing between the genotype and the phenotype in a line of descent.
3. The liberation of a gas or heat in the course of a chemical or enzymatic reaction.
[L. e-volvo, pp. -volutus, to roll out]

evolution

/evo·lu·tion/ (ev″ah-loo´shun) a developmental process in which an organ or organism becomes more and more complex by differentiation of its parts; a continuous and progressive change according to certain laws and by means of resident forces.
convergent evolution  the appearance of similar forms and/or functions in two or more lines not sufficiently related phylogenetically to account for the similarity.
organic evolution  the origin and development of species; the theory that existing organisms are the result of descent with modification from those of past times.

evolution

(ĕv′ə-lo͞o′shən, ē′və-)
n.
1. A continuing process of change from one state, condition, or form to another.
2. Change in the genetic composition of a population during successive generations, often resulting in the development of new species. The mechanisms of evolution include natural selection acting on the genetic variation among individuals, mutation, migration, and genetic drift.

evolution

[ev′əlo̅o̅′shən]
Etymology: L, evolvere, to roll forth
1 a gradual, orderly, and continuous process of change and development from one condition or state to another. It encompasses all aspects of life, including physical, psychological, sociological, cultural, and intellectual development, and involves a progressive advancement from a simple to a more complex form or state through the processes of modification, differentiation, and growth.
2 a change in the genetic composition of a population of organisms over time.
3 the appearance over long periods of time of new taxonomic groups of organisms from preexisting groups. Kinds of evolution are convergent evolution, determinant evolution, emergent evolution, organic evolution, orthogenic evolution, and saltatory evolution. evolutionist, n.

ev·o·lu·tion

(ev'ŏ-lū'shŭn)
1. A continuing process of change from one state, condition, or form to another.
2. A progressive distancing between the genotype and the phenotype in a line of descent.
[L. e-volvo, pp. -volutus, to roll out]

evolution

The theory that all living organisms have developed in complexity, from a simple life form. Evolution occurs by the natural selection of those who, by the fortune of spontaneous random changes (mutations), happen to be best suited to their contemporary environment, to survive and reproduce. It does not occur by the passing on to offspring of characteristics acquired during the lifetime of an individual. Characteristics are passed on by the transmission of DNA from parents to offspring and, unless mutation has occurred, this DNA is an identical copy of the DNA of preceding generations.

evolution

an explanation of the way in which present-day organisms have been produced, involving changes taking place in the genetic make-up of populations that have been passed on to successive generations. According to DARWINISM, evolutionary MUTATIONS have given rise to changes that have, through NATURAL SELECTION, either survived in better adapted organisms (see ADAPTATION, GENETIC), or died out. Evolution is now generally accepted as the means which gives rise to new species (as opposed to SPECIAL CREATION) but there is still debate about exactly how it has taken place and how rapidly changes can take place. See LAMARCKISM.

evolution

the process of development in which an organ or organism becomes more and more complex by the differentiation of its parts; a continuous and progressive change according to certain laws and by means of resident forces.

convergent evolution
the development, in animals that are only distantly related, of similar structures or functions in adaptation to similar environment.
divergent evolution
the development of different characteristics in animals that were closely related in response to being placed in different environments.

Patient discussion about evolution

Q. How the bacterias are produced?

A. The Bacteria are a large group of unicellular microorganisms. Typically a few micrometres in length, bacteria have a wide range of shapes, ranging from spheres to rods and spirals. (The name comes from the Greek bakterion, meaning small staff.) Bacteria are ubiquitous in every habitat on Earth, growing in soil, acidic hot springs, radioactive waste,[2] water, and deep in the Earth's crust, as well as in organic matter and the live bodies of plants and animals. There are typically 40 million bacterial cells in a gram of soil and a million bacterial cells in a millilitre of fresh water; in all, there are approximately five nonillion (5×1030) bacteria on Earth,[3] forming much of the world's biomass.[4] Bacteria are vital in recycling nutrients, with many important steps in nutrient cycles depending on these organisms, such as the fixation of nitrogen from the atmosphere and putrefaction. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bacteria Hope this helps.

More discussions about evolution
References in periodicals archive ?
The study shows that the ability to learn optimal rapid eye movement for evolutionarily important perceptual tasks is inherent in humans; however, said the scientists, it is not necessarily consistent behaviour for everybody.
Taken together, our findings identify an evolutionarily conserved biochemical pathway that modulates adaptation to stress," he concluded.
Also, lizards, which are evolutionarily closer to snakes than frogs are, have shown much more variety and sophistication in social organization than researchers had expected.
The ABCC9 gene is evolutionarily ancient, as a similar gene is present in fruitflies.
The findings are additional evidence that humans are evolutionarily predisposed to see faces in everything, said study researcher Sonja Windhager, an anthropologist at the University of Vienna.
That sex chromosome is so new evolutionarily that it doesn't have the stripped-down style of full-fledged Y chromosomes.
Genes that are evolutionarily conserved are likely important for biological processes.
Biology and pathogenesis of the evolutionarily successful, obligate human bacterium Neisseria meningitidis.
Animals that are evolutionarily closer to humans, such as mice, are born with that ability, but lose it approximately a week after birth.
Still, the research suggests that in tetrapods--four-limbed vertebrates--only mammalian herbivores have larger body cavities, raising questions about why that might be evolutionarily.
The study also highlights key, but short-lived, patterns of gene expression that occur during human embryo segmentation and confirms that human development appears to rely on processes that are evolutionarily conserved among many animals.
subtilis/> with other efforts to characterize medically, evolutionarily, and ecologically relevant species of spore-forming Firmicutes.

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