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(1) Information, including verifiable facts and data that support a practice or belief.

Evidence for Interferon Dose Effect: European-North American Comparative Efficacy. A clinical trial comparing 2 formulations of interferon beta-1a—Avonex and Rebif—in patients with relapsing multiple sclerosis.

Rebif was approved by the FDA based on its “clear superiority” in the EVIDENCE trial.


In forensic medicine, all the tangible items and record materials pertinent to the legal considerations.

anecdotal evidence

Evidence based on anecdotes arising from the analysis of individual clinical cases, rather than the study of scientifically randomized groups of patients. Such evidence may be true or false, but it is always unreliable because it is based on hearsay, faulty reasoning, or other cause.

material evidence

In medicolegal considerations, such things as facts, medical records, documents, or expert testimony that are important to proving or disproving matters of dispute.


any thing properly presented to a court which will assist it to make a decision in a case. Testimony is evidence given orally.

Patient discussion about evidence

Q. Is there any clinical evidence to support to my question? Can acupuncture help reduce the pain in fibromyalgia? Is there any clinical evidence to support to my question?

A. Yes, acupuncture therapy can reduce the fatigue, widespread pain and sleep problems associated with fibromyalgia. If acupuncture can be used in place of pain reliever then its good as the side effect associated with pain relievers are reduced.

Q. Are vitamins really helpful? Last week some guy in the mall tried to sell me pills of “multi vitamins” and told me that these vitamins will protect my heart and brain. I told him that I never heard of such things, but he kept claiming that many researches and studies proved that vitamins are very helpful - is it true?

A. Regardless of whether they would make you immortal (or just impoverished ? ) you should consult your doctor before you start to take any medications (including herbs and vitamins), since they may interfere with medications your doctor prescribed you.

Q. Is it really working? My boyfriend practice Chinese medicine and he always advocate Chinese medicine and brings many examples in which regular medicine failed for many years and one treatment of acupuncture cured the problem. I know it sounds convincing, but maybe these stories are misleading? I find it hard to believe in this meridian thing. It seems just like an old and out-of-date theory. What do you think?

A. As a successful practicing doctor of Chinese medicine I can tell you this: it doesn't matter what a patient believes if the diagnosis and treatment is correct. I treat patients every day who benefit from treatment as seen by objective sign and symptom changes. I am not providing new-age this or that, or ambient music, or BS talk. It's a standardized form of medicine with a complete theory at its foundation. Those who say otherwise are uneducated, inexperienced, and full of empty speculative opinions. This is real clinical experience talking, having worked and practiced in 5 clinics with vastly different patient demographics.

More discussions about evidence
References in periodicals archive ?
Yet some legal scholars argue that these changes largely reflect a healthy winnowing of spurious and unsound evidence that before Daubert would have confused a jury.
This grant competition called for institutions to propose, implement, and evaluate alcohol prevention strategies that were based upon empirical evidence.
Fraud cases almost always involve volumes of documents," Britt said, "and cases are won or lost on the strength of the evidence.
A short yet useful chapter from Zayas takes a step in this direction, but the editors have missed an opportunity to adequately link evidence based and cultural diversity issues and thus to enhance the field
O'Connor said hearsay might be admissible, for example, when direct evidence was not readily available.
In spite of all the scientific evidence gathered by real-world crime sleuths, most crimes go unpunished.
But the evidence for an active link between Saddam and al Qaeda is just as flimsy as the evidence for a reconstituted Iraqi nuclear weapons program.
In 2000, a pilot Evidence Based Medicine training program commenced in South Carolina.
Unethical prosecutors who withhold exculpatory evidence from defendants have their counterparts in unethical defense attorneys who stretch the rules beyond their breaking limit.
Like Carnoy, Helen Ladd argues that the evidence on achievement is at best "preliminary," and if it supports the claims of voucher advocates, it does so only under very restrictive conditions and for a very small subset of the urban poor.
government and law enforcement agencies are in collusion with Israeli and anti-Arab Jewish organizations is supported by concrete evidence.
While a May arrest outside a city strip club exposed a flawed evidence custody system within the Police Department's court liaison office, police officials said the policies and procedures in place at the Lincoln Square headquarters are sound and solid.