eugenics

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Related to eugenists: Eugenism

eugenics

 [u-jen´iks]
the study and control of procreation as a means of improving hereditary characteristics of future generations. The concept has sometimes been used in a pseudoscientific way as an excuse for unethical, racist, or even genocidal practices such as involuntary sterilization or certain other practices in Nazi Germany and elsewhere.
macro eugenics eugenics policies that affect whole populations or groups. This has sometimes led to racism and genocide, such as the Nazi policies of sterilization and extermination of ethnic groups.
micro eugenics eugenics policies affecting only families or kinship groups; such policies are directed mainly at women and thus raise special ethical issues.
negative eugenics that concerned with prevention of reproduction by individuals considered to have inferior or undesirable traits.
positive eugenics that concerned with promotion of optimal mating and reproduction by individuals considered to have desirable or superior traits.

eu·gen·ics

(yū-jen'iks),
1. Practices and policies, as of mate selection or of sterilization, which tend to better the innate qualities of progeny and human stock.
2. Practices and genetic counseling directed to anticipating genetic disability and disease.
Synonym(s): orthogenics
[G. eugeneia, nobility of birth, fr. eu, well, + genesis, production]

eugenics

(yo͞o-jĕn′ĭks)
n. (used with a sing. verb)
The study or practice of attempting to improve the human gene pool by encouraging the reproduction of people considered to have desirable traits and discouraging or preventing the reproduction of people considered to have undesirable traits.

eu·gen′ic adj.
eu·gen′i·cal·ly adv.

eugenics

[yo̅o̅jen′iks]
Etymology: Gk, eu + genein, to produce
the study of methods for controlling the characteristics of populations through selective breeding.

eu·gen·ics

(yū-jen'iks)
1. Practices and policies, as in mate selection or sterilization, which tend to better the innate qualities of progeny and human stock.
2. Practices and genetic counseling directed to anticipating genetic disability and disease.
[G. eugeneia, nobility of birth, fr. eu, well, + genesis, production]

eugenics

The study or practice of trying to improve the human race by encouraging the breeding of those with desired characteristics (positive eugenics) or by discouraging the breeding of those whose characteristics are deemed undesirable (negative eugenics). The concept implies that there exists some person or institution capable of making such decisions. It also implies possible grave interference with human rights. For these reasons, the principles, which have long been successfully applied to domestic animals, have never been adopted for humans except by despots such as Adolf Hitler.

eugenics

the study of ways of improving the hereditary qualities of a population (especially the human population) by the application of social controls, guided by genetical principles.

Eugenics

A social movement in which the population of a society, country, or the world is to be improved by controlling the passing on of hereditary information through mating.
Mentioned in: Gene Therapy
References in periodicals archive ?
10) Briton Carlos Blacker's evolving eugenic philosophy and the consequent post-war activities of Britain's Eugenics Society will show the willingness of eugenists and their organisations to not only realign the movement's image by working alongside primarily environmentalist organisations and social causes, but also to compromise their primarily hereditarian philosophy by acknowledging and adapting to the popular environmentalist theories of the period.
Based on the activities of three Western eugenists (5) during this era of apparent eugenic decline, I will challenge the dominant and popular 'disappearance' theory, and add evidence to the fledgling historiographical view being forged in America that the eugenics movement did survive the mid-century backlash through the successful adaptation of its image and ideology to suit popular social philosophies and institutions of the period.
Years before the eugenics movement was publicly demonised in Western society for its links with Nazism, socially in-tune eugenists were already revamping the image of their cause due to a growing awareness that eugenics' traditionally paternalistic stance was not endearing the movement to the public.
It had become a well-established fact among America's eugenists of the 1930s that typically healthy and relatively intelligent school and university students were the favoured recipients of the eugenically advantageous promotion of the nuclear family.
36) While Blacker acknowledged in this forum that among the qualities eugenists favoured in the next generation were the classical eugenic prizes of 'sound physical and mental health and good physique .
Across the Atlantic, prominent member of the British Eugenics Society, Carlos Blacker, wrote of prominent American eugenist Frederick Osborn's 1940 argument for 'Eugenic reorientation of various social policies' that: