In moose and other cervids, carfentanil (North America) and etorphine (Europe) have been the primary opioids, either alone or in combination with xylazine (Kreeger et al.
25 mg etorphine + 10 mg acepromazine/adult (Large Animal Immobilon[R] 2.
Key words: Alces alces, anesthesia, capture, carfentanil, etorphine, immobilization, ketamine, medetomidine, xylazine
Adult female moose were immobilised with etorphine
and xylazine (Sandegren et al.
Immobilizing moose with a mixture of etorphine and xylazine hydrochloride.
Ballard and Tobey 1981, Larsen and Gauthier 1989), although following the use of other drugs than etorphine.
Recorded differences in scientific data between humans and pigs: * Pigs can be safely sedated with etorphine
The method utilizes etorphine as the internal calibrator, conversion of the analytes to the pentafluoropropionyl esters, and chromatography on a packed column.
The method was optimized by using N-n-propylnorbuprenorphine, a closer structural analog of buprenorphine than the etorphine used by Cone et al.
Stereospecific binding of the potent narcotic analgesic [3H] etorphine to rat-brain homogenate.
It became apparent that agonists such as morphine, antagonists such as naloxone and mixed agonist-antagonists such as nalorphine must act on multiple receptors and this was confirmed in the early 1970s with (3) H-labeled levorphanol (2), naloxone (3), etorphine (4) and dihydromorphine (5) that bound specifically to sites in the central nervous system.
Some physiological effects of M99 etorphine
on immobilized free-ranging moose.