ethyl alcohol


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Related to ethyl alcohol: denatured alcohol, isopropyl alcohol

alcohol

 [al´kah-hol]
1. any organic compound containing the hydroxy (-OH) functional group except those in which the OH group is attached to an aromatic ring, which are called phenols. Alcohols are classified as primary, secondary, or tertiary according to whether the carbon atom to which the OH group is attached is bonded to one, two, or three other carbon atoms and as monohydric, dihydric, or trihydric according to whether they contain one, two, or three OH groups; the latter two are called diols and triols, respectively.
2. an official preparation of ethanol, used as a disinfectant, solvent, and preservative, and applied topically as a rubbing compound, disinfectant, astringent, hemostatic, and coolant.
absolute alcohol dehydrated a.
benzyl alcohol a colorless liquid used as a bacteriostatic in solutions for injection and as a topical local anesthetic.
dehydrated alcohol an extremely hygroscopic, transparent, colorless, volatile liquid used as a solvent and injected into nerves and ganglia for relief of pain. Called also absolute a.
denatured alcohol ethanol made unfit for human consumption by the addition of substances known as denaturants. Although it should never be taken internally, denatured alcohol is widely used on the skin as a disinfectant.
ethyl alcohol (grain alcohol) ethanol.
isopropyl alcohol a transparent, volatile colorless liquid used as a solvent and disinfectant and applied topically as an antiseptic; called also isopropanol. Diluted with water to approximately 70 per cent strength, it is called isopropyl rubbing alcohol and is used as a rubbing compound.
methyl alcohol methanol.
pantothenyl alcohol dexpanthenol.
phenethyl alcohol (phenylethyl alcohol) a colorless liquid used as an antimicrobial agent in pharmaceuticals.
rubbing alcohol a preparation of acetone, methyl isobutyl ketone, and ethanol, used as a rubefacient.
wood alcohol methanol.

al·co·hol

(al'kŏ-hol),
1. One of a series of organic chemical compounds in which a hydrogen (H) attached to carbon is replaced by a hydroxyl (OH); alcohols react with acids to form esters and with alkali metals to form alcoholates. For individual alcohols not listed here, see specific name.
2. made from sugar, starch, and other carbohydrates by fermentation with yeast, and synthetically from ethylene or acetylene. It has been used in beverages and as a solvent, vehicle, and preservative; medicinally, it is used externally as a rubefacient, coolant, and disinfectant, and has been used internally as an analgesic, stomachic, sedative, and antipyretic. Synonym(s): ethyl alcohol, grain alcohol, rectified spirit, wine spirit
3. The azeotropic mixture of CH3CH2OH and water (92.3% by weight of ethanol at 15.56°C).
[Ar. al, the, + kohl, fine antimonial powder, the term being applied first to a fine powder, then to anything impalpable (spirit)]

ethyl alcohol

See alcohol.

ethyl alcohol

Ethanol, see there.

al·co·hol

(al'kŏ-hol)
1. One of a series of organic chemical compounds in which a hydrogen (H) attached to carbon is replaced by a hydroxyl (OH); alcohols react with acids to form esters and with alkali metals to form alcoholates.
2. Ethanol, C2H5OH, made from carbohydrates by fermentation and synthetically from ethylene or acetylene. It has been used in beverages and as a solvent, vehicle, and preservative; medicinally, it is used externally as a rubefacient, coolant, and disinfectant, and internally as an analgesic, stomachic, and sedative.
Synonym(s): ethanol, ethyl alcohol.
3. The azeotropic mixture of CH3CH2OH and water (92.3% by weight of ethanol).
[Ar. al, the, + kohl, fine antimonial powder, the term being applied first to a fine powder, then to anything impalpable (spirit)]

ethyl alcohol

See ALCOHOL.

ethyl alcohol

ethanol

alcohol

1. any organic compound containing the hydroxy (−OH) functional group except those in which the OH group is attached to an aromatic ring, which are called phenols. Alcohols are classified as primary, secondary or tertiary according to whether the carbon atom to which the OH group is attached is bonded to one, two or three other carbon atoms and as monohydric, dihydric or trihydric according to whether they contain one, two or three −OH groups; the latter two are called diols and triols, respectively.
2. common name for ethyl alcohol (ethanol). See also alcoholic.

absolute alcohol
ethyl alcohol free from water and impurities.
complex plant alcohol
includes cicutoxin, oenanthotoxin, tremetol, all toxic, causing heavy mortalities and signs including incoordination, tremor, convulsions, vomiting.
denatured alcohol
ethyl alcohol made unfit for consumption by the addition of substances known as denaturants. Although it should never be taken internally, denatured alcohol is widely used on the skin as a cooling agent and skin disinfectant.
ethoxylate alcohol detergents
alcohols containing an ethyl radical with an attached oxygen group; used in the treatment and prevention of ruminal bloat.
ethyl alcohol
a transparent, colorless, mobile, volatile liquid miscible with water, ether or chloroform, and obtained by the fermentation of carbohydrate with yeast. It is the major ingredient of alcoholic beverages consumed by humans. Called also ethanol and grain alcohol. It is used in veterinary medicine in the preparation of mixtures for topical application and for skin disinfection.
grain alcohol
see ethyl alcohol (above).
isopropyl alcohol
a transparent, volatile colorless liquid used as a rubbing compound. Called also isopropanol.
methyl alcohol
a mobile, colorless liquid used as a solvent. Called also wood alcohol or methanol. It is a useful fuel, but is poisonous if taken internally. Consumption may lead to blindness or death.
alcohol nerve block
permanent anesthesia to a part can be produced by blocking the relevant nerve with isopropyl alcohol. Adverse effects are likely due to continued loss of sensation and motor power.
alcohol poisoning
in animals this does not present the social problems that it does in humans even in cattle and sheep fed on brewer's grains and distiller's solubles. Ethyl alcohol is produced in some feeds which are fermented accidentally, but overt alcohol poisoning is not recorded. Carbohydrate engorgement is a more likely occurrence. Isopropyl alcohol is an end product of ketone body degradation in the rumen in cattle and does cause signs of inebriation in cows with nervous acetonemia.
Small companion animals are sometimes exposed to toxic levels of ethyl alcohol by owners and it may be readily consumed. Excessive amounts can lead to vomiting, various levels of central nervous system depression, including excitement, seizures and respiratory depression.
wood alcohol
methyl alcohol.

ethyl

the monovalent radical, C2H5.

ethyl alcohol
see ethyl alcohol; called also ethanol and grain alcohol.
ethyl aminobenzoate
ethyl carbamate
ethyl chloride
a local anesthetic applied topically to intact skin. It has a very low boiling point and the skin is temporarily frozen and insensitive to pain.
ethyl lactate
an antibacterial agent used in shampoos.
References in periodicals archive ?
Pure ethyl alcohol, also called grain alcohol, ethanol and colonial spirits, is the basis for alcoholic beverages.
The newly published Ethyl Alcohol Manufacturing Industry report provides the latest market research on the industry.
President of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev singed bill on making amendments and additions to law of Kazakhstan on state regulation of production and sale of ethyl alcohol and alcoholic beverages, the President's press service reported June 18.
The sanitizer is formulated for repeated professional use, has a light scent, contains the germ-killing power of 63% ethyl alcohol, and includes protective emollients to soothe hands.
TRISEPTIN Water-Optional is at least 70 times more effective than a traditional 61 percent ethyl alcohol formulation at the wash 10 test point," said Dr.
Ethyl Alcohol & Ethanol Manufacturing Industry Report" report to their offering.
The Senate of the Parliament of Kazakhstan approved the amendments to some laws of Kazakhstan on production and sale of ethyl alcohol and alcoholic beverages in two readings on Friday, the press service of the Parliament reported.
9% ethyl alcohol by volume and is formulated to prevent cross-contamination.
A number of studies/cases reported excellent results using promising compounds such as ethyl alcohol and the antisense drug, Phosphorothiate Morpholino Oligomers (PMO).
We offer 15,000 active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs), pharmaceutical excipients, biochemicals, nutraceuticals, cosmetic ingredients, chemical solutions and critical solvents like dehydrated ethyl alcohol in laboratory and production quantities.
The Mazhilis of the Parliament of Kazakhstan approved the bill on state regulation of production and sale of ethyl alcohol and alcoholic beverages in the first reading on Wednesday, the press service of the Parliament reported.
The Alcohol Gel Instant Skin Sanitizer contains 60% ethyl alcohol and is designed to instantly sanitize hands without water or towels.