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/eth·no·bot·a·ny/ (-bot´ah-ne) the systematic study of the interactions between a culture and the plants in its environment, particularly the knowledge about and use of such plants.


Herbal medicine
The field of alternative healthcare that formally studies the relationship between plants and a population, in particular the medicinal use of plants by an ethnic group. The ethonobotanical approach to drug discovery is more efficient than random searches for plant-derived agents of therapeutic interest; drugs so discovered include aspirin (Filipendula ulmaria), codeine (Papaver somniferum), ipecac (Psychotria ipecacuanha), pilocarpine (Pilocarpus jaborandi), reserpin (Rauvolfia serpentina), theophylline (Camelia sinensis) and vinblastine (Cantharanthus roseus).


(ethnō-botă-nē )
A study of the role of plants in the life of early humankind.

ethnobotany (ethˈ·nō·bˑ·t·nē),

n study of how societies perceive and categorize plants and use them for food, medicine, and ritual.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Ethnobotanically, the leaves are used as mosquito repellents and sometimes chewed for stomach relief.
Although each chapter contains a selection of bibliographic references on pharmacology and chemistry, there is an almost complete lack of citations for the botanical and ethnomedical aspects, which may make this book less appealing to the botanically or ethnobotanically inclined.
In Suriname, one study aimed to compare the rate of drug discovery of an ethnobotanically led process with that of a conventional approach of random biologic assays.