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/eth·no·bot·a·ny/ (-bot´ah-ne) the systematic study of the interactions between a culture and the plants in its environment, particularly the knowledge about and use of such plants.


Herbal medicine
The field of alternative healthcare that formally studies the relationship between plants and a population, in particular the medicinal use of plants by an ethnic group. The ethonobotanical approach to drug discovery is more efficient than random searches for plant-derived agents of therapeutic interest; drugs so discovered include aspirin (Filipendula ulmaria), codeine (Papaver somniferum), ipecac (Psychotria ipecacuanha), pilocarpine (Pilocarpus jaborandi), reserpin (Rauvolfia serpentina), theophylline (Camelia sinensis) and vinblastine (Cantharanthus roseus).


(ethnō-botă-nē )
A study of the role of plants in the life of early humankind.

ethnobotany (ethˈ·nō·bˑ·t·nē),

n study of how societies perceive and categorize plants and use them for food, medicine, and ritual.
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Among the swertiamarin-producing species, Centaurium erythraea, Gentiana lutea and Gentiana scabra have been noted to produce the highest amount of this compound (Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Database, 2002).
The collection of data on resource stock, growth, and offtake can provide a new dimension to ethnobotanical studies.
Note: it is worth noting that Bonta and Osborne's lists are incomplete regarding Australian Cycas: in addition to the work done by cycad taxonomists, many names and much ethnobotanical information has been recorded for Australian Cycas spp.
These reports now belong to Gustav Vilbaste's collection of ethnobotanical manuscripts (Vilbaste TN), part of which has been digitized for the Historical Estonian Herbal Medical Database (HERBA, created by Soukand and Kalle in 2008).
Among the plants that exist at the bio-diversity park are: an ethnobotanical collection of 57 species with 1,669 plants, 24 aromatic species with 591 plants, a sacred species collection of 38 species with 924 plants, environment friendly and air purifying species of 18 types with 323 plants, ornamental species of 24 types with 596 plants, bambusetum with 10 species with 228 plants, 40 native species with 1,790 plants and 56 rare Nakshtra, Dashamul and Bulbaceous species.
Flora of the District Garhwal Northwest Himalaya (with ethnobotanical notes).
Then there is the ethnobotanical interest in how plants are used as food.
They also advocate the inclusion of native healers for the review of disease surveillance, ethnobotanical treatments, and changes in health care policy to increase the validity of these traditional medicines.
Among the topics are the cultural significance of wild-gathered plant species in an area of Austria's Eastern Tyrol and the influence of socioeconomic changes on local gathering practices, two major phytotherapeutic treatments from the Maltese Islands, herbal and food medicines among the Bangladeshi community in West Yorkshire, the persistence of wild food and and wild medicinal plant knowledge in a northeastern region of Portugal, the gathering and consumption of wild vegetables in Spain, plants as symbols in Scotland today, and the ethnobotanical riddle of the botanical identity and cultural significance of Lithuanian jovaras.
In the past decade there has been a radical change in opinion regarding the worth of utilizing ethnomedical and ethnobotanical data for the discovery of new therapeutic agents .
Plants from Reunion Island with alleged antihypertensive and diuretic effects an experimental and ethnobotanical evaluation.