estolate

estolate

 [es´to-lāt]
USAN contraction for propionate lauryl sulfate.
References in periodicals archive ?
In the review of 124 patients that she and her associates published in 2007, erythromycin estolate or ethylsuccinate was administered to 80% of children, and 67% of these children showed at least a partial response, with a median response time of 2 months.
4 mg/ Erythromycin estolate (40 mg/ kg/d clavulanate divided into kg/d divided into 4 doses) for 2 doses) 5 days Cefuroxime ([dagger]) (30 mg/kg/d divided into Alternative treatment if penicillin 2 doses) allergy (type 1) Cefpodoxime ([dagger]) Levofloxacin ([double dagger]) (16 mg/kg/d (20 mg/kg/d once daily or divided divided into 2 doses) into 2 doses) for 5 days <2 years 7 days >2 years 5 days Failure of initial antibiotic treatment after 48-72 hours Recommended drug of choice Alternative treatment Amoxicillin-clavulanate * Ceftriaxone ([section]) (50 (90 mg/kg/d amoxicillin-6.
A randomized, placebo-controlled trial of erythromycin estolate chemoprophylaxis for household contacts of children with culture-positive bordetella pertussis infection.
Diosmetin, the main metabolite of diosmin, has been shown to exert protective effect on hepatocytes against cellular damage induced by erithromycine estolate and tert-butylhydroperoxide in humans [24].
In addition to the above, one of the following should be added: * When HSV infection is suspected, oral 200 mg acyclovir 5 times a day for 6 days should be added; * When venereal lymphogranuloma is suspected, oral 1 g azithromycin should be added per week for 3 weeks or until the lesions disappear; and/or * When inguinal granuloma is suspected, oral 500 mg erythromycin should be added 4 times a day for at least 3 weeks or until the lesions disappear (erythromycin estolate must not be given to pregnant females) Strong A single intramuscular dose of 2,400,000 IU recommendation penicillin G benzathine in favour (following desensitisation) should be used for treating pregnant or breastfeeding women with a confirmed diagnosis of primary syphilis and history of penicillin allergy.
In case of patients allergic to penicillin, erythromycin base (not erythromycin estolate, which is associated with cholestatic hepatitis in pregnancy) or clindamycin (Cleocin) can be used.
These Drugs May Be FDA Used in Pregnancy Category Antibiotics Penicillin B Amoxicillin B Cephalosporins B Clindamycin B Erythromycin (except for estolate form) B ANALGESICS Acetaminophen B Acetaminophen with codeine C * Codeine C * Hydrocodone C * Meperidine B Morphine B After 1st trimester for 24 to 72 hrs only Ibuprofen B Naprosyn B Antibiotics Tetracyclines ** D Erythromycin in the estolate form B Quinolones C Clarithromycin C ANALGESICS Aspirin C Category C should be used with caution (NY State Dept of Health 2006) ** Tetracycline and its derivatives are contraindicated in pregnancy
Anti peroxidation effect of Livex, an herbal formulation against erythromycin estolate induced lipid peroxidation in rats.
These Drugs May Be FDA Used in Pregnancy Category Antibiotics Penicillin B Amoxicillin B Cephalosporins B Clindamycin B Erythromycin (except for estolate form) B ANALGESICS Acetaminophen B Acetaminophen with codeine C * Codeine C * Hydrocodone C * Meperidine B Morphine B After 1st trimester for 24 to 72 hrs only Ibuprofen B Naprosyn B These Drugs May Not FDA Be Used in Pregnancy Category Antibiotics Tetracyclines ** D Erythromycin in the estolate form B Quinolones C Clarithromycin C ANALGESICS Aspirin C Category C should be used with caution (NY State Dept of Health 2006) ** Tetracycline and its derivatives are contraindicated in pregnancy Table 1.
Erythromycin estolate has been implicated in such reactions more often than other erythromycin salts, probably because it is better absorbed.
In Colorado, azithromycin, clarithromycin, or erythromycin estolate would be first-line treatments.
The exception is the estolate salt, which has been associated with maternal hepatotoxicity when used during the second trimester and should be avoided during pregnancy Erythromycin is excreted into breast milk and is considered compatible with breast-feeding.