For children aged 7 to 10, the estimated average requirement
of energy is 1970 kilocalories (kcal) a day for boys and 1740 kcal for girls.
The cut-off point of < 70% RDI corresponds approximately with the estimated average requirement
that is now being recommended as one method for evaluation of adequacy of dietary intake of groups (6,7).
The IOM Committee to Review Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin D and Calcium today established new DRIs for vitamin D, resulting in a conservative increase in the recommended intakes by establishing an Estimated Average Requirement (EAR) for adults of 400 IU/day and a Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA) for adults of 600 IU/day (800 IU/day for those aged 71+).
The DRIs are comprised of a set of recommended values, including the Estimated Average Requirement (EAR), Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA), and the safe Tolerable Upper Intake Level (UL).
The Impact of Using an Estimated Average Requirement
The report also said that the Estimated Average Requirement
(EAR), weighted by population, should be the basis for DVs whenever possible and if an EAR cannot be identified for a given nutrient, population-weighted Adequate Intakes should serve as the basis for percent DVs.
Nutrient shortfalls are nutrient intakes that do not meet estimated average requirements
(EAR) (which is established by the Institute of Medicine).
The main alphabetical text is followed by tables giving units of measure, estimated average requirements
for energy, labelling reference values for vitamins and minerals, desirable ranges of heights and weights, intake statistics, food additives, vitamins and fatty acids found in foods.
They also learned the meanings of key terms such as: Estimated Average Requirements
(EAR); Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA); Adequate Intake (AI); Daily Value (DV); and Tolerable Upper Intake Level (UL)--making this DSC lunch briefing an opportunity for staffers to learn valuable information for their personal use and to help them better understand issues related to policymaking.
Department of Health guidelines give the estimated average requirements
as 1,940 calories a day for women, 2,550 for men.