hyperlipemia(redirected from essential familial hyperlipemia)
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Related to essential familial hyperlipemia: familial hypercholesterolemia, familial hypertriglyceridemia, familial hyperlipidemia
carbohydrate-induced hyperlipemia hyperlipoproteinemia (type IV).
fat-induced hyperlipemia hyperlipoproteinemia (type I).
hyperlipemia/hy·per·li·pe·mia/ (-lĭ-pe´me-ah) hyperlipidemia.
carbohydrate-induced hyperlipemia elevated blood lipids, particularly triglycerides, after carbohydrate ingestion; sometimes used synonymously with hyperlipoproteinemia type IV or V phenotypes, or the genetic disorders causing them.
combined fat- and carbohydrate-induced hyperlipemia persistently elevated blood levels of very-low-density lipoproteins and chylomicrons after ingestion of fat or carbohydrates; sometimes used synonymously with a type V hyperlipoproteinemia or the genetic disorders causing it.
endogenous hyperlipemia elevated plasma lipids derived from body stores (i.e., very-low-density lipoproteins), rather than dietary sources; used as a generic descriptor of the type IV hyperlipoproteinemia phenotype.
essential familial hyperlipemia an inherited disorder causing a type I hyperlipoproteinemia phenotype, or the phenotype itself.
exogenous hyperlipemia elevated plasma levels of lipoproteins derived from dietary sources (i.e., chylomicrons); used as a generic descriptor of the type I hyperlipoproteinemia phenotype.
familial fat-induced hyperlipemia persistently elevated blood chylomicrons after fat ingestion; sometimes used synonymously with hyperlipoproteinemia type I phenotype or the genetic disorders causing it.
mixed hyperlipemia generic designation for a hyperlipoproteinemia in which several classes of lipoproteins are elevated; usually used to denote a type V phenotype, but sometimes used for a type II-b phenotype.
cloudy or opaque plasma caused by fat particles called chylomicrons seen subsequent to a fat-laden meal caused by a lipoprotein lipase deficiency or a defect in the conversion of low-density lipoprotein to high-density lipoprotein.
[hyper- + G. lipos, fat, + haima, blood]
an excess of lipids in the blood.
a metabolic disease of pony mares in late pregnancy or early lactation. The serum has milky opalescence. Clinically there is lethargy progressing to coma, diarrhea and acidosis. Most cases terminate fatally.