espundia

es·pun·di·a

(es-pūn'dē-ă),
A type of American leishmaniasis caused by Leishmania braziliensis that affects the mucous membranes, particularly in the nasal and oral region, resulting in grossly destructive changes; particularly common in the Amazon basin, where a significant proportion of people infected with L. braziliensis develop this condition; may develop metastatically from sores originally found elsewhere on the body.
[Sp., fr. L. spongia, sponge]

espundia

[espun′dē·ə]
Etymology: Sp, cancerous ulcer
a cutaneous form of American leishmaniasis most common in Brazil, caused by Leishmania brasiliensis. The primary lesion often disappears spontaneously, followed by mucocutaneous lesions that destroy the mucosal surface of the nose, pharynx, and larynx. If the condition is untreated, potentially fatal secondary bacterial infections and disfigurement may occur. Also called Breda's disease.

es·pun·di·a

(es-pŭn'dē-ă)
A type of American leishmaniasis caused by Leishmania braziliensis that affects the mucous membranes, particularly in the nasal and oral region, resulting in grossly destructive changes; may develop metastatically from sores originally found elsewhere on the body.
Synonym(s): Breda disease.
[Sp., fr. L. spongia, sponge]

espundia

American LEISHMANIASIS. This disease is caused by the single-celled parasite Leishmania braziliensis and is spread by sandfly bites. It occurs in south Mexico, Brazil, Paraguay and Peru, causing disfiguring skin ulcers of the face and tissue destruction that extends into the cavities of the nose and mouth. It often persists for years and, if neglected, may lead to death from overwhelming secondary infection.

Breda,

Achille, Italian dermatologist, 1850-1933.
Breda disease - a type of American leishmaniasis. Synonym(s): espundia

espundia

leishmaniasis, particularly L. braziliensis.
References in periodicals archive ?
2) Of approximately 900 sand fly species, only about 70 species are capable of transmitting protozoan Leishmania parasites that cause visceral leishmaniasis (kala-azar) and various forms of cutaneous leishmaniasis (oriental sore, espundia, etc.
The MCL or espundia, produces lesions, which can lead to extensive and disfiguring destruction of mucous membranes of the nose, mouth and throat cavities.
5 Mucocutaneous (American) Espundia Infection by Leishmania braziliensis Uta Leishmaniasis, unspecified (ICD-9-CM, 1996, p.
1,3) Leishmania braziliensis is capable of producing a destructive mucocutaneous form of leishmaniasis, known as espundia.
There are no tests to predict which patients will progress from localized cutaneous disease to this form of infection, know as espundia.