esophoria


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Related to esophoria: hyperphoria

esophoria

 [es″o-for´e-ah]
heterophoria in which there is deviation of the visual axis of one eye toward that of the other eye in the absence of visual fusional stimuli.

es·o·pho·ri·a

(es'ō-fō'rē-ă), Do not confuse this word with exophoria.
A tendency for the eyes to turn inward, prevented by binocular vision.
Synonym(s): esodeviation (1)
[G. esō, inward, + phora, a carrying]

esophoria

/eso·pho·ria/ (es″o-for´e-ah) deviation of the visual axis toward that of the other eye in the absence of visual fusional stimuli.

esophoria

[es′əfôr′ē·ə]
Etymology: Gk, eso, inward, pherein, to bear
the latent medial deviation of the visual axis of one eye in the absence of visual stimuli for fusion. Also called cross-eye. Compare esotropia, exophoria. esophoric, adj.

es·o·pho·ri·a

(es'ō-fōr'ē-ă)
A tendency for the eyes to turn inward, prevented by binocular vision.
[G. esō, inward, + phora, a carrying]

esophoria

A latent tendency for the eyes to turn involuntarily inwards. When a person with esophoria has one eye covered, that eye will turn inwards. As soon as the cover is removed, the eye straightens and single binocular vision is restored. Compare EXOPHORIA.

esophoria (E, ESOP, SOP, eso)

Turning of the eye inward from the active position when fusion is suspended. If symptomatic, treatment may be by means of base-out prisms, plus spherical lenses or visual training (Fig. E5). See convergence excess; divergence insufficiency.
Fig. E5 Prismatic correction of esophoriaenlarge picture
Fig. E5 Prismatic correction of esophoria

esophoria

heterophoria in which there is deviation of the visual axis of one eye toward that of the other eye in the absence of visual fusional stimuli.
References in periodicals archive ?
00DS and near esophoria (10) Pharmacological Patients will require 0.
2-4) Many previous studies have reported many factors such as preoperative deviation amount, presence of refractive errors, presence of anisometropia, age at the time of surgery, presence of A- and V-pattern, age at onset of deviation, and esophoria rate 1 day and 1 week postoperative that affect the surgical success, whilst some studies have reported that there are no factors that affect the surgical success in patients with intermittent exotropia.
In this particular case, the patient would benefit from this as it changed their esotropia to a well-controlled esophoria with binocular single vision.
AC/A = accommodative convergence-to-accommodation, eso = esophoria, exo = exophoria, Hyper = hyperphoria, NA = not applicable, NRA = negative relative accommodation, Ortho = orthophoria, PD = prism diopter, PRA = positive relative accommodation, SD = standard deviation, SEM = standard error of the mean.
He has one or two myopic parents, is less hyperopic than expected for his age, and may also exhibit esophoria and accommodative lag at near.
23) Progressive addition lenses have shown clinically modest myopia control effects when prescribed to all myopes, but when given to children with esophoria (24) and accommodative lag, (20) have shown around a 37% reduction in axial elongation.
21-23) The treatment effect seems greatest in cases where there is an esophoria (SOP) at near, indicating that the mechanism may be more complex than just RPHD.
Table 1 Advantages of contact lenses for sport Optometric Dispensing * Reduction of differential * Protection from UV prismatic effect * Reduction of magnification * Do not steam up differential in anisometropia * Correction of small amounts of * Reduced risk of facial trauma astigmatism with aspherics or GP lenses * No problems with poor fit or frame slipping * Correction of moderate * Improved cosmesis hyperopia when unaided vision is normal to control esophoria * Reduced magnification/ * Full wrap protection from plano minification effect in high sunglasses over contact lenses prescriptions.
Further work on humans has implicated ocular motor imbalances, namely, near esophoria and high accommodative lags in the development of myopia.
25 10 6/5 DV CT Ortho NV CT 5[DELTA] esophoria New job in factory, works at 25cm Eyestrain and frontal HA later in day
This is why it is especially important in young patents with significant esophoria to elicit any possible latent hypermetropia by performing a cycloplegic refraction.
This is particularly important in the presence of esophoria in young hyperopic patients, where the refractive correction may resolve the decompensation due to the accommodation-convergence relationship.