These methods include revision fundoplication, esophageal resection, esophageal defunctioning (diversion) with a cervical esophagostomy
, gastrostomy, or feeding jejunostomy, and interposition of healthy vascularized tissue, such as healthy omentum, diaphragm, and rectus muscle flaps, between the ends of the fistula.
A total esophagectomy with gastrostomy and esophagostomy
An esophagostomy tube was placed after surgery to minimize the stress associated with repeated restraint for forcefeeding.
The owner administered a critical care diet (30 mL PO; Emeraid Carnivore Care, Lafeber, Cornell, IL, USA) followed by 10 mL of 20% Duphalyte in Hartmann solution and oral medications via the esophagostomy tube twice daily.
19) When there is a long delay after the perforation, or the degree of mediastinitis is extensive with evidence of sepsis, an esophagostomy
or a gastrostomy may be considered.
Abstract: We determined if esophagostomy
tube placement is feasible for nutritional support in raptors.
The patient underwent an esophageal resection with placement of feeding tubes and formation of a cervical esophagostomy
and drainage of the abscess, followed by nutritional optimization at a rehabilitation center.
Chromic catgut ligatures, which are used to ligate the cervical esophagus distal to diverting cervical esophagostomy
and the distal esophagus proximal to gastrostomy, generally dissolve within 30 days.
Placement of an esophagostomy
feeding tube after intermandibular skin resection has been proposed to decrease downward pressure on the suture line during feeding.
Techniques that include total gastrectomy with either esophagojejunostomy reconstruction in a stable patient or esophagostomy
in an unstable patient have been performed (1).
Because of the neck length and body size of the condors and insufficient length of standard catheters, the typical pharyngostomy or esophagostomy
feeding-tube placement would not have allowed the end of the catheter to consistently reach the proventriculus.
Secondly, postoperative feeding difficulties should be anticipated and a plan should be developed to provide nutritional support in an anorectic bird that may include gavage feeding or an esophagostomy