revealed a normal mucosal profile, mild esophageal dysmotility, and distal esophageal spasms.
Despite technologic advances in gastrointestinal (GI) radiology, barium esophagography
remains an indispensable technique for detecting a variety of morphologic abnormalities in the esophagus, including nodules or plaques, ulcers, strictures, and rings.
In our case, exclusion of the diseases in the differential diagnosis through a detailed clinical evaluation with video laryngoscopy and imaging modalities, such as radiography, esophagography
, CT, and MRI, confirmed that the reason of the dysphagia was osteophytes.
and gastroesophageal reflux scintigraphy, respiratory function test, and high-resolution computed tomography results were also normal.
ESOPHAGOGRAPHERS medical staff who carry out esophagography
, defined in Stedman's Medical Dictionary (6th Ed.
They detail how to perform and interpret all types of procedures for each part of the gastrointestinal and genitourinary tracts, including the modified barium swallow, videoflouroscopic pharyngography, double and single-contrast esophagography
and upper GI exams, small bowel follow throughs, enteroclysis, double and single-contrast barium enemas, evacuation proctography, and all types of postoperative GI studies, as well as retrograde urethrography, voiding cystography, and retrograde pyeloureterography.
in Anomalies of the Aortic Arch System.
In four patients, the diagnosis was determined intraoperatively; two of these patients underwent nondiagnostic, preoperative esophagography
Patients were diagnosed with gastroesophageal cancer after a mean of 104 months of follow-up, which included a strict protocol including repeated esophagography
, upper GI endoscopies with esophageal biopsy sampling, and esophageal manometry.
Short-segment Barrett's esophagus: findings on double-contrast esophagography
in 20 patients.
(with water-soluble contrast agent) and occasionally flexible endoscopy can also help locate perforations and fistulas.
Respiratory tract infections have since decreased in number and severity, and repeated esophagography
showed the release of the previously shown posterior dentation.