erythroplakia


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erythroplakia

 [ĕ-rith″ro-pla´ke-ah]
a red patch in the mouth with a velvet appearance, often a sign of oral cancer.

e·ryth·ro·pla·ki·a

(ĕ-rith'rō-plā'kē-ă),
A red, velvety, plaquelike lesion of mucous membrane that often represents malignant change.
[erythro- + G. plax, plate]

erythroplakia

/eryth·ro·pla·kia/ (ĕ-rith″ro-pla´ke-ah) a slow-growing, erythematous, velvety red lesion with well-defined margins, occurring on a mucous membrane, most often in the oral cavity.

erythroplakia

Oral pathology An oral lesion characterized by a reddened patch with a velvety surface and epithelial changes ranging from mild dysplasia to CIS to frankly invasive CA DiffDx Candidiasis, TB, histoplasmosis, denture irritation. Cf Leukoplakia.

e·ryth·ro·pla·ki·a

(ĕ-rith'rō-plā'kē-ă)
A red, velvety, plaquelike lesion of mucous membrane that often represents malignant change.
[erythro- + G. plax, plate]

e·ryth·ro·pla·ki·a

(ĕ-rith'rō-plā'kē-ă)
A red, velvety plaquelike lesion of mucous membrane that often represents malignant change.
[erythro- + G. plax, plate]

erythroplakia (ərith″ropla´keə),

n a flat red patch or lesion of unknown etiology on the oral or pharyngeal surfaces.
Enlarge picture
Erythroplakia.
References in periodicals archive ?
Leukoplakia, erythroplakia, and erythroleukoplakia are the most common oral lesions.
2009), only 25% of the dentists were aware of probable presence of OSCC with erythroplakia and the importance of early diagnosis of this lesion, whereas in our study 68% of dentists were answered this question correctly.
The study results showed that most participants know that leukoplakia is the most common clinical features among oral premalignant lesions and in most cases erythroplakia is with dysplasia or OSCC.
Risk factors for tongue cancer include a poor diet (Macek, Reid & Yellowitz, 2003:120), poor oral hygiene, poor dental care (Becker, Naumann & Pfaltz, 1994:381), poverty, HIV-infection and pre-existing leukoplakia or erythroplakia (Hille & Shear, 2002:411).
About 25% knew the most common sites of oral cancer (floor of the mouth and lateral tongue borders) and 10% knew that erythroplakia and leukoplakia are the two most worrisome primary lesions.
Erythroplakia has a lower risk for malignancy than leukoplakia.
Common visible lesions such as leukoplakia and erythroplakia, which appear as white or red areas in the oral cavity respectively, typically do not transform into malignancies but must be carefully monitored.
Six clinicians were aware that leukoplakia may foretell oral cancer, and 5 knew that erythroplakia is a common precursor lesion.
Number of participants who were aware of these four risk factors and two precursor lesions as expressed on the pretraining questionnaire (N = 8) Risk factor/precursor n Tobacco as a risk factor 7 Alcohol as a risk factor 5 Age as a risk factor 0 Human papillomavirus as a risk factor 0 Leukoplakia as a precursor lesion 6 Erythroplakia as a precursor lesion 5 Table 2.
Leukoplakia and erythroplakia are the two most common oral precancerous conditions, and they have varying degrees of risk for malignant transformation.
The University of Maryland study reported that 91 percent of dental hygienists correctly conducted examinations of the tongue for oral cancer detection, while only 16 percent correctly identified leukoplakia and erythroplakia as conditions associated with oral cancer.
117] In a study of 1,109 professional baseball players, leukoplakia and erythroplakia were strongly associated with smokeless tobacco use.