erythrocyte indices


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Related to erythrocyte indices: Mean corpuscular hemoglobin, Mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration, MCHC

index

 (pl. indexes, in´dices) (L.)
1. the numerical ratio of measurement of any part in comparison with a fixed standard.
Barthel index an objective, standardized tool for measuring functional status. The individual is scored in a number of areas depending upon independence of performance. Total scores range from 0 (complete dependence) to 100 (complete independence).
bleeding index any of various methods of assessing bleeding in the gingival sulcus before or after treatment.
body mass index (BMI) the weight in kilograms divided by the square of the height in meters, a measure of body fat that gives an indication of nutritional status.
cardiac index cardiac output corrected for body size.
cephalic index 100 times the maximum breadth of the skull divided by its maximum length.
citation index an index listing all publications appearing in a set of source publications (e.g., articles in a defined group of journals) that cite a given publication in their bibliographies.
Colour index a publication of the Society of Dyers and Colourists and the American Association of Textile Chemists and Colorists containing an extensive list of dyes and dye intermediates. Each chemically distinct compound is identified by a specific number, the C.I. number, avoiding the confusion of trivial names used for dyes in the dye industry.
erythrocyte indices the mean corpuscular volume, mean corpuscular hemoglobin, and mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration. These are all useful for evaluating anemias because they provide information on the size of the erythrocytes and the concentration of hemoglobin. Called also red cell or red blood cell indices.
glycemic index a ranking of foods based on the response of postprandial blood sugar levels as compared with a reference food, usually either white bread or glucose. See table.
left ventricular stroke work index (LVSWI) an index of the amount of work performed by the heart.
leukopenic index a fall of 1000 or more in the total leukocyte count within 1.5 hours after ingestion of a given food; it indicates allergic hypersensitivity to that food.
index Medicus a monthly publication of the national library of medicine in which the world's leading biomedical literature is indexed by author and subject.
opsonic index a measure of opsonic activity determined by the ratio of the number of microorganisms phagocytized by normal leukocytes in the presence of serum from an individual infected by the microorganism, to the number phagocytized in serum from a normal individual.
phagocytic index any arbitrary measure of the ability of neutrophils to ingest native or opsonized particles determined by various assays; it reflects either the average number of particles ingested or the rate at which particles are cleared from the blood or culture medium.
red blood cell indices (red cell indices) erythrocyte indices.
refractive index the refractive power of a medium compared with that of air (assumed to be 1).
short increment sensitivity index (SISI) a hearing test in which randomly spaced, 0.5-second tone bursts are superimposed at 1- to 5-decibel increments in intensity on a carrier tone having the same frequency and an intensity of 20 decibels above the speech recognition threshold.
therapeutic index originally, the ratio of the maximum tolerated dose to the minimum curative dose; now defined as the ratio of the median lethal dose (LD50) to the median effective dose (ED50). It is used in assessing the safety of a drug.

e·ryth·ro·cyte in·di·ces

calculations for determining the average size, hemoglobin content, and concentration of hemoglobin in red blood cells, specifically mean cell volume, mean cell hemoglobin, and mean cell hemoglobin concentration; results are commonly used in the classification and diagnosis of red blood cell disorders.

e·ryth·ro·cyte in·di·ces

(ĕ-rith'rŏ-sīt in'di-sēz)
Calculations for determining the average size, hemoglobin content, and concentration of hemoglobin in red blood cells, specifically mean cell volume, mean cell hemoglobin, and mean cell hemoglobin concentration.

e·ryth·ro·cyte in·di·ces

(ĕ-rith'rŏ-sīt in'di-sēz)
Calculations for determining the average size, hemoglobin content, and concentration of hemoglobin in red blood cells, specifically mean cell volume, mean cell hemoglobin, and mean cell hemoglobin concentration.

erythrocyte

a red blood cell, or corpuscle; one of the formed elements in the peripheral blood. For immature forms see normoblast, metarubricyte. In most mammals mature erythrocytes are biconcave disks that have no nuclei. The degree of concavity varies between species, as does the size. Birds have nucleated, oval erythrocytes. The cell consists mainly of hemoglobin and a supporting framework, called the stroma. Erythrocyte formation (erythropoiesis) takes place in the red bone marrow in the adult, and in the liver, spleen and bone marrow of the fetus. Erythrocyte formation requires an ample supply of certain dietary elements such as iron, cobalt and copper, amino acids and certain vitamins.

erythrocyte antigen
see blood group antigen and blood group.
erythrocyte casts
see urinary cast.
erythrocyte count
erythrocyte ghosts
in new methylene blue, erythrocytes fail to take up stain and appear only as a pale outline.
hypochromatic erythrocyte
see hypochromia (2).
erythrocyte indices
calculated values for the mean corpuscular volume (mcv), mean corpuscular hemoglobin (mch), and mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (mchc), taken from the hematocrit, hemoglobin concentration and red blood cell count. Used in determining the likely etiology of anemias and other abnormalities of the erythron. Called also mean cell constants.
matchstick erythrocyte
describes the appearance of sickled deer erythrocytes containing hemoglobin II.
normochromic erythrocyte
erythrocyte refractile bodies (ERF)
a term usually used to describe Heinz bodies in the erythrocytes of cats. Sometimes restricted in definition to the smaller (Heinz) bodies that are normally found in up to 10% of feline erythrocytes, as distinct from larger bodies associated with hemolytic anemia.
erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR)
an expression of the extent of settling of erythrocytes in a column of fresh citrated or otherwise treated blood, per unit of time. Of greatest diagnostic value in dogs as horses normally have a greatly accelerated rate and ruminants show none except in very extreme circumstances. In the dog, ESR is elevated with inflammatory processes. See also sedimentation rate.
erythrocyte tonicity
the degree of distention of the erythrocyte. This is dependent on the osmotic pressure of the cell's contents compared with that of the plasma. If it is greater, water will pass into the cell and it may rupture. If it is less, water passes out of the cell which shrinks and becomes crenated.
erythrocyte volume
mean corpuscular volume (mcv); see erythrocyte indices (above).
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