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erucic acid[ĕ-roo´sik as´id]
e·ru·cic ac·id(ĕ-rū'sik as'id),
A 22-carbon unsaturated fatty acid present in the seeds of nasturtium (Indian cress) and of several Cruciferae species (rape, mustard, and wallflower); thought to be toxic to cardiac muscle.
erucic acid/eru·cic ac·id/ (ĕ-roo´sik) a fatty acid occurring in rapeseed and mustard oils; because it has been linked to cardiac muscle damage, edible canola oil products are prepared from low erucic acid varieties of rapeseed plants.
A monounsaturated fatty acid, C22H42O2, making up 40 to 50 percent of the total fatty acid in rapeseed, wallflower seed, and mustard seed, used in manufacturing cosmetics and photographic emulsions and films and as a lubricant.
a fatty acid that has been associated with heart disease. It is present in rapeseed oil that is used in some countries as a vegetable oil for salad dressings, margarines, and mayonnaise. Canola oil is a rapeseed oil from which virtually all erucic acid has been removed through breeding.