erucic acid


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erucic acid

 [ĕ-roo´sik as´id]
a monounsaturated fatty acid that is a major constituent of certain oils, such as rapeseed oil. Because it has been linked to cardiac muscle damage, oils such as canola oil were developed that are low in erucic acid.

e·ru·cic ac·id

(ĕ-rū'sik as'id),
A 22-carbon unsaturated fatty acid present in the seeds of nasturtium (Indian cress) and of several Cruciferae species (rape, mustard, and wallflower); thought to be toxic to cardiac muscle.

erucic acid

/eru·cic ac·id/ (ĕ-roo´sik) a fatty acid occurring in rapeseed and mustard oils; because it has been linked to cardiac muscle damage, edible canola oil products are prepared from low erucic acid varieties of rapeseed plants.

erucic acid

(ĭ-ro͞o′sĭk)
n.
A monounsaturated fatty acid, C22H42O2, making up 40 to 50 percent of the total fatty acid in rapeseed, wallflower seed, and mustard seed, used in manufacturing cosmetics and photographic emulsions and films and as a lubricant.

erucic acid

[ero̅o̅′sik]
a fatty acid that has been associated with heart disease. It is present in rapeseed oil that is used in some countries as a vegetable oil for salad dressings, margarines, and mayonnaise. Canola oil is a rapeseed oil from which virtually all erucic acid has been removed through breeding.
References in periodicals archive ?
RSM contain anti-nutrition factors such as Gls and erucic acid.
Although natural forms of rapeseed and mustard contain high levels of erucic acid (over 40% of total fatty acids), levels in rapeseed cultivated for food use are typically below 0.
But in the 1970s, Canadian scientists--using conventional breeding--developed a type of rapeseed that has very low levels of erucic acid and glucosinolates.
In your kitchen: The oil can be used for frying but should be used in combination with other oils to reduce the erucic acid content.
Through the modeling process it has been identified that Erucic Acid (X1) and Pods Length (X6) regressors significantly contributes to increase the production of mustard crop in Pakistan.
However, the high content erucic acid is an issue here because of its detrimental effects to the cardiac tissues [41].
Ethiopian mustard forms are characterized by the presence of a high concentration of erucic acid in their oil (Abel, 2007).
2007) reported that Camelina-seed oil was 90% composed by unsaturated fatty acid, including 25/42% of alpha-linolenic acid (18:3), 13/21% of linoleic acid (18:2), 14+20% of oleic acid (18:1), 12/18% of eicosenoic acid (20:1) and 2/4% of erucic acid (22:1).
Until 15 years ago, rape oil was unsuitable for human nutrition because of its high content in erucic acid (up to about 50% of C22, which was shown to influence negatively the metabolism of several organs.
Some mustard oils are 20 percent to 40 percent erucic acid, which studies have indicated might cause heart problems in lab rats.
The real name for Canola oil is LEAR, or Low Erucic Acid Rape, as it has been extracted from Rapeseed oil.
Omega-9 fatty acids are monoun-saturated oils found in the form of oleic acid (contained in avocados, nuts and nut oils, and olive oil) and erucic acid (contained in mustard seed and rapeseed).