The study identified three sulfate conjugates: equol
4'-sulfate, and equol
The isoflavone Equol
mediates rapid vascular relaxation: [Ca.
Antioxidant effect of a phytoestrogen equol
on cultured muscle cells of embryonic broilers.
39) Men with the highest circulating levels of genistein, daidzein, and equol
reduced prostate cancer risk by 62%, 59%, and 66%, respectively.
The three most estrogenic phytoestrogens are genistein, coumestrol (a coumestan) and equol
The effect of soy consumption on the urinary 2:16-hydroxyestrone ratio in postmenopausal women depends on equol
production status but is not influenced by probiotic consumption.
The phytoestrogens examined included soya isoflavones, lignans and enterolignans including equol
and coumestrol into the analysis.
is then absorbed into the bloodstream and transported to various body tissues, where it appears to exhibit greater antioxidant and estrogenic effects than daidzein (Arora et al.
In an experiment involving women volunteers, urinary excretion of one of the isoflavones, equol
, was associated with a higher dietary intake of dietary fibre and carbohydrate.
And, recently, scientists at the University of Massachusetts discovered that two soy isoflavones, daidzein and equol
, work like some of the anti-diabetic drugs doctors currently prescribe.
These may be absorbed or further metabolized to many specific metabolites, including equol
and p-ethylpheno [1,9].
Investigating scientists suggest that equol
is a powerful antioxidant that possesses potent anti-androgenic properties and may provide significant benefits in the relief of menopausal symptoms and the promotion of bone and cardiovascular health.