Associated non-skeletal anomalies tend to correspond to the level of the vertebral defects and include bilobed bladder, hydronephrosis, hernia, anal and urethral atresia, and talipes equinovarus
Wolfgang (9) initially treated the equinovarus
deformity of a 1-month-old male infant with serial casting and an orthosis.
Genetic epidemiology study of idiopathic talipes equinovarus
Long-term follow-up of surgery for equinovarus
foot deformity in children with cerebral palsy, Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics 22: 792-799.
Bilateral talipes equinovarus
deformity of the feet is present in all cases.
Additional characteristics of the condition are camptodactyly (flexion of fingers) with ulnar deviation, talipes equinovarus
(1) and contractures that limit mobility of the neck, making intubation very difficult (6-8).
In contrast, sciatic nerve palsy, presenting as equinovarus
or equinus deformity, was diagnosed on average 3.
deformity of the ankle following acquired brain injury in adults: An evaluation of incidence, contributing factors and clinical management.
Little Mia, aged nine months, was born with Congenital Talipes Equinovarus
, commonly known as club foot.
Knee length has also been considered, but contractures of the flexors of the hip and knees, and a tendency to equinovarus
deformity of the feet occur rapidly after loss of ambulation, similarly complicating this measurement (5.
In this study, the strength of the association was the same for talipes equinovarus
as for valgus deformities.
The most common developmental anomalies observed were equinovarus
(clubfoot) in 27-30 of the children (the chart and text are unclear); cranial nerve defects in 21 of the children, resulting in partial paralysis of certain facial muscles and affecting eye control; and in 10 children arthogryposis, a condition in which certain muscles (in these cases, the legs and/or arms) are in a persistent state of flex or contraction similar to the spasms experienced in lockjaw or muscle cramps.