strangles(redirected from equine distemper)
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A highly contagious condition of horses resulting from infection with Streptococcus equi subsp. equi. Abbreviated taxonomy: Bacteria; Firmicutes; Lactobacillales; Streptococcaceae; Streptoccus; Streptococcus equi. Lymphadenopathy, especially of mandibular, parotid, and retropharyngeal lymph nodes; may abscess and impinge on the airways (thus the familiar name, which is derived from the verb strangle); causes mucopurulent nasal discharge, anemia, cough, can progress to lower airway infection, and may recrudesce months later as mesenteric lymphadenopathy with abscessation (so-called bastard strangles) and lead to signs of colic. A vaccine is available.
pl.n. (used with a sing. verb)
An infectious disease of horses and related animals, caused by the bacterium Streptococcus equi and characterized by inflammation of the nasal mucous membrane and abscesses under the jaw and around the throat that cause a strangling or choking sensation.
an acute disease of horses caused by infection with Streptococcus equi subsp. equi, and characterized by fever, purulent rhinitis, pharyngitis, laryngitis, abscessation of the draining lymph nodes and cough.
puppy strangles, juvenile strangles
see juvenile pyoderma.