epizootic


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epizootic

 [ep″ĭ-zo-ot´ik]
attacking many animals in any region at the same time; widely diffused and rapidly spreading.
epizootic disease
1. a disease that affects a large number of animals in some particular region within a short period of time.
2. a disease of high morbidity that is only occasionally present in an animal community.

ep·i·zo·ot·ic

(ep'i-zō-ot'ik),
1. Denoting a temporal pattern of disease occurrence in an animal population in which the disease occurs with a frequency clearly in excess of the expected frequency in that population during a given time interval.
2. An outbreak (epidemic) of disease in an animal population.
[epi- + G. zōon, animal]

epizootic

(ĕp′ĭ-zō-ŏt′ĭk)
adj.
Occurring at the same time among an unusually large number of animals in a particular geographic area. Used of a disease.
n.
An epizootic disease.

ep′i·zo·ot′i·cal·ly adv.

epizootic

[ep′izō·ot′ik]
a disease or condition that occurs at about the same time in many individuals of the same species in a geographic area.

epizootic

Epidemiology An outbreak or epidemic of disease in an animal host populations

ep·i·zo·ot·ic

(ep'i-zō-ot'ik)
1. Disease occurrence in an animal population with a frequency clearly in excess of the expected.
2. An outbreak (epidemic) of disease in an animal population; often with the implication that it may also affect human populations.
[epi- + G. zōon, animal]

epizootic

Affecting a large number of animals within a short period, especially of a disease.

epizootic

(of a disease) suddenly and temporarily affecting a large animal population.

epizootic

a disease which attacks many subjects in a region at the same time but is only occasionally present in the population; when it occurs it is widely diffused and rapidly spreading. The rarely used equivalent of epidemic in veterinary medicine.

epizootic cellulitis
see equine viral rhinopneumonitis.
epizootic cellulitis-pinkeye
see equine viral arteritis.
epizootic chlamydiosis
a disease of rabbits, hares, deer mice, squirrels and muskrats caused by Chlamydophila psittaci M56 serovar and characterized by septicemia, fever, diarrhea.
epizootic diarrhea of infant mice
see murine epizootic diarrhea.
epizootic hematopoietic necrosis
reported only in Australian redfin perch and rainbow trout; characterized by massive mortalities in juvenile perch but dribbling mortalities in trout; caused by an iridovirus. May have originated in amphibians.
epizootic hemorrhagic disease of deer
is caused by an orbivirus antigenically similar to the virus of Ibaraki disease, a bluetongue-like disease of cattle. The disease is clinically similar to bluetongue in sheep and causes very heavy mortalities in deer herds.
epizootic hemorrhagic septicemia
see hemorrhagic septicemia.
epizootic lymphangitis
a chronic, contagious disease of horses caused by Histoplasma capsulatum var farciminosum (or Blastomyces, Cryptococcus, Saccharomyces, Zymonema). It is characterized by suppurative lymphangitis, lymphadenitis and cutaneous ulcers. Lesions may also occur on the muzzle and nasal mucosa, in the eye causing keratitis, and also in the lungs causing pneumonia. The disease is an important one on its own account but it also has importance because of its similarity to glanders. Called also pseudoglanders.
epizootic pneumoenteritis
see chronic respiratory disease. Called also CRD.
epizootic ulcerative syndrome
important cause of loss in ornamental fish and foodfish; extensive ulceration causes loss of fins, tail, jaw, and penetrates the abdominal wall. The cause has not been identified.
References in periodicals archive ?
The genetic identity of the virus and the close proximity between the village and wolf habitat makes it almost certain that the village dogs were the source of the 2005-2006 epizootic among wolves; this finding supports the assertion that CDV is transmitted to wild canids by domestic dogs (12).
Molecular identification of a novel deltaproteobacterium as the etiologic agent of epizootic bovine abortion (foothill abortion).
Secondly, because some termite cadavers were showing signs of bacterial growth, we hypothesized that the colony may have succumbed to a bacterial epizootic.
hirsuta before the epizootic became apparent on individual colonies and that the landscape genetic variability and structure of O.
An increase in the susceptibility of the population to epizootic disease mortality consequent of the increased abundance downbay evolved from 1985 to 1986 through a coincidence of climatic events into the largest epizootic event in the recorded history of Delaware Bay (Fig.
The American East Coast epizootic of raccoon rabies jumped across the St.
Of the 983 serum samples, 798 were collected from epizootics involving low and high pathogenic H7N1 viruses, and 185 were collected from epizootics caused by a low pathogenic H7N3 virus.
He said: "Unfortunately epizootic diseases, zoonotic diseases and novel, emerging diseases are no respecter of animal species and can infect not only farm but also companion animals.
Surely there is public benefit in the limitation of future expensive epizootic or exotic diseases and in the elimination of endemic zoonotic diseases, such as TB.
The State Inspectorate for Phytosanitary and Veterinary Safety should equip 7 posts and 2 laboratories, will have to launch epizootic safety monitoring system.
These include: the provision of inexpensive loans that include leasing and investment subsidies for the construction of new and the modernization of existing farms, assistance in establishing local breeding genetics for meatbreeds of poultry, establishment of epizootic situation control and realization of biosafety international standards at farms, utilization of market protection measures from low quality imports and unfair trading practices, provision of professional trainings for poultry specialists, provision of subsidies for feed costs, and sourcing poultry farms with forage grain at fixed prices.