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Related to epistemology: axiology, metaphysics, positivism


The study of knowledge and rules of evidence involved. Traditionally a branch of philosophy, it also describes a discipline incorporated in, and in some respects peculiar to, individual fields of scholarship (medicine, science, history, etc.).


The theory, study of, and basis for knowledge; that which investigates the origin, nature, methods, validity and limits of human knowledge.

epistemology (·pisˈ·t·mäˑ·l·jē),

n that branch of philosophy that scrutinizes the nature, foundations, and limits of knowledge.
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An important next step might be to shift the geography of reason and, to paraphrase Mignolo, do epistemology as a Latino/a.
Kahn sets up Mulla Sadra's presentation in chapter two by locating it within his ontology of the primacy of existence and of the nature of existence that is wholly singular but also graded (the doctrines of asalat and tashkik al-wujud), and his wider epistemology in which he discusses four theories of knowledge of which his own is the most appropriate because it recognizes not only that the soul is an expression of existence but also that knowledge itself is existence; hence all knowledge must be an aspect of a singular and graded existence.
A prominent feature of Merleau-Ponty's epistemology is his focus on the primacy of perception.
Finally, in Chapter 7, Goldberg emphasizes that, despite his criticisms of Orthodox Reliabilism, the arguments put forth in the previous chapters are in perfect consonance with the tradition of reliabilist epistemology, and that his purpose has been to show that Process Reliabilists should be concerned with social practices and institutions insofar as some of these directly or indirectly affect the reliability of the processes of belief- formation.
To move beyond this structure would require not a uni-versity (where one epistemology defines for the rest the questions and the answers to produce a colonial, universal social science and humanities) but a pluri-versity (where epistemic diversity is institutionally incorporated into necessary inter-epistemic dialogues in order to produce decolonial, pluriversal social sciences and humanities).
Lack of attention to cultural context in the research on personal epistemology is surprising given definitions of what constitutes a sophisticated approach to knowledge.
It appears that those using the systems concept to frame arguments for it belonging to one foundational epistemology or another are 'finding' the foundation rather than allowing the concept's own underlying foundations to spring forth.
Lay readers will miss a map for that navigation, which a more substantial introduction could have provided, in which Fuller would make his intellectual biases explicit and summarize his version of social epistemology regarding the major issues covered in the book.
The first two, concerning ontology and epistemology, constitute the framework of metaphysics.
Epistemology, of the study of knowledge, was a largely philosophical exercise historically.
In the field of historical epistemology emergent domains like the social had to co-exist and compete with residual domains of knowledge, notably the theological.
Darwin notwithstanding, the clash between science and religion has revealed the need for an evolution in the prevailing approach to epistemology or, in other words, the nature of knowledge.