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The study of knowledge and rules of evidence involved. Traditionally a branch of philosophy, it also describes a discipline incorporated in, and in some respects peculiar to, individual fields of scholarship (medicine, science, history, etc.).


The theory, study of, and basis for knowledge; that which investigates the origin, nature, methods, validity and limits of human knowledge.

epistemology (·pisˈ·t·mäˑ·l·jē),

n that branch of philosophy that scrutinizes the nature, foundations, and limits of knowledge.
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Furthermore, virtue epistemologists such as Linda Zagzebski (1996), Robert C.
As mentioned above, although knowledge is classically understood to be justified true belief, epistemologists today generally agree that such beliefs are neither strictly necessary nor sufficient for knowledge.
Neither epistemologists nor psychologists have developed an ordered and comprehensive body of knowledge about intellectual differentiation and the integration of knowledge within a complex social organization.
But they never adequately explain how, according to the Buddhist epistemologists, inference can lead to successful practice just as surely as perception.
When that "legitimatory apparatus" was abandoned by Rouhault and Regis in the case of the Principia, or simply ignored by others who concentrated exclusively on his theory of vortices, Descartes ended by being misinterpreted as a thoroughgoing mechanistic thinker on the one hand, or as an epistemologist on the other.
The whole book is cranked up to a very high philosophical pitch, as if to grab by the lapels any faculty-club epistemologist who'd dare dismiss it as just another book about slavery, race, hip-hop and the rest - you know, black things.
Yet more than useless, the concept is toxic: To consider someone a precursor, noted the brilliant epistemologist and historian of science Alexandre Koyre, "is the best way to preclude the possibility of understanding his [or her] work.
But Ledbetter discovers a difference between Homer and Sontag in considering the former as an epistemologist who counts this immediate experience as a cognitive activity whereas the latter considers this experience purely sensual or erotic.
It grew, as has long been acknowledged, out of interdisciplinary discussions at MIT in the Second World War, involving amongst others Wiener, Arturo Rosenblueth, Vannovar Bush and Julian Bigelow: and from the meetings on `Circular Causal and Feedback Mechanisms in Biological and Social Systems' sponsored by the Josiah Macy Jr Foundation in New York between 1946 and 1953, under the chairmanship of the neurophysiologist and `experimental epistemologist,' Warren McCulloch.
Though perhaps this is not saying much, for an analytic epistemologist Greco engages an unusually broad range of historical and secondary material.
Q: Patrick Tort, you never define yourself as a "historian of ideas," and you dislike the expression "philosophy of science," but if pressed you will admit being qualified as a historian of science or an epistemologist.