episome

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episome

 [ep´ĭ-sōm″]
in bacterial genetics, any accessory extrachromosomal replicating genetic element that can exist either autonomously or integrated with the chromosome.

ep·i·some

(ep'i-sōm),
An extrachromosomal element (plasmid) that may either integrate into the bacterial chromosome of the host or replicate and function stably when physically separated from the chromosome.
[epi- + G. sōma, body (chromosome)]

episome

/ep·i·some/ (-sōm) in bacterial genetics, any accessory extrachromosomal replicating genetic element that can exist either autonomously or integrated with the chromosome.

episome

(ĕp′ĭ-sōm′)
n.
A segment of DNA in certain cells, especially bacterial cells, that can exist either autonomously in the cytoplasm or as part of a chromosome.

ep′i·so′mal adj.
ep·i·so′mal·ly adv.

episome

[ep′isōm]
Etymology: Gk, epi + soma, body
an extrachromosomal replicating unit that exists autonomously or functions with a chromosome. See also colicinogen, conjugon, F factor, plasmid, R factor.

ep·i·some

(ep'i-sōm)
An extrachromosomal element (plasmid) that may either integrate into the bacterial chromosome of the host or replicate and function stably when physically separated from the chromosome.
[epi- + G. sōma, body (chromosome)]

episome

a circular DNA molecule found in bacterial cells that can exist independently in the cell or can become integrated into the main CHROMOSOME. In recent times, episomes have been added to a general group of extrachromosomal factors called PLASMIDS.

episome

any accessory extrachromosomal replicating genetic element that can exist either autonomously or integrated with the chromosome. See also plasmid.