epilepsia


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ep·i·lep·sy

(ep'i-lep'sē),
A chronic disorder characterized by paroxysmal brain dysfunction due to excessive neuronal discharge, and usually associated with some alteration of consciousness. The clinical manifestations of the attack may vary from complex abnormalities of behavior including generalized or focal convulsions to momentary spells of impaired consciousness. These clinical states have been subjected to a variety of classifications, none has been universally accepted to date and, accordingly, the terminologies used to describe the different types of attacks remain purely descriptive and nonstandardized; they are variously based on: the clinical manifestations of the seizure (motor, sensory, reflex, psychic or vegetative); the pathologic substrate (hereditary, inflammatory, degenerative, neoplastic, traumatic, or cryptogenic); the location of the epileptogenic lesion (rolandic, temporal, diencephalic regions); and the time of day at which the attacks occur (nocturnal, diurnal, menstrual).
[G. epilēpsia, seizure]

epilepsia

/ep·i·lep·sia/ (-lep´se-ah) [L.] epilepsy.
epilepsia partia´lis conti´nua  a form of status epilepticus with focal motor seizures, marked by continuous clonic movements of a limited part of the body.

Patient discussion about epilepsia

Q. what are the chances for a one time epileptic seizure? I had an epileptic seizure a few years ago and after all the tests it appeared to be a one time seizure. I know having one indicates my tendency for this kind of seizures so should I be afraid now to do things that might bring it up again- like alcohol, drugs, being exposed to flashing lights or having lack of sleep? what are the chances of it to come back after 5 years? any help will be very appreciated....thanks!

A. After 5 years with no recurrence of seizures after a one time episode, tha chances of having another one are low, almost exact to the general population. I would not advise you to start heavily drinking alcohol and doing drugs, because these things can certainly have an effect, however you need not be afraid.

Q. if some one gets a one time epileptic seizure- he have to take medication all his life? how do they decide if it's a one timer or it's going to continue from this day forth?

A. I had a one time epileptic seizure 5 years ago (due to lack of sleep- probably) and didn't have to take any medication though I did have some tests made like EEG and CT every half a year for some time. Like everything else in life- you can't decide it's not a one time till you get the second- which I hope you wont of course...
:)

Q. will my son get over his epilepsy he has had seizers since he was 6 months old he is know 3 and a half

More discussions about epilepsia
References in periodicals archive ?
Este trabalho ratifica a diretriz tecnica da Associacao Nacional de Medicina do Trabalho (ANAMT) publicada em setembro de 2015, a qual nao recomenda o EEG para o rastreamento de epilepsia na pratica da Medicina do Trabalho (11).
Los autores atribuyen la demora de la aparicion de epilepsia en este modelo al efecto inhibitorio tonico que ejerce la noradrenalina liberada por el ejercicio; tambien se propone que el estres y la ansiedad generados por el deporte incrementan tanto la noradrenalina como el GABA en el cerebro, lo cual produciria un fenomeno inhibitorio cerebral en la aparicion de crisis (29-32).
Garcia-Cairasco ha recibido, junto con sus alumnos y en toda su carrera, un sin numero de Premios entre ellos: Premios Nacionales: Premio Aristides Leao da Liga Brasileira de Epilepsia em los Congresos Nacionales de Epilepsia de 1994, 2002, 2004, 2006.
Se reviso la historia clinica electronica de pacientes que habian sido diagnosticados por el Grupo de Epilepsia del INDEC con ELT unilateral del INDEC y que cumplian con los criterios de inclusion.
Esta investigacion tuvo como objetivo conocer aspectos relacionados con el comportamiento de la epilepsia en la poblacion pediatrica consultante en el Hospital Infantil de Manizales (Colombia) y su relacion con los factores de riesgo perinatales, antecedentes familiares, tipo de crisis, tratamientos instaurados y comorbilidades.
3, y que se manifiesta con retraso psicomotor severo, epilepsia de dificil control y trastornos de la alimentacion.
Mahoma muere por su epilepsia y su cadaver es consumido por los cerdos, quedando de su cuerpo solo los pies.
Avances en neurorradiologia y electrofisio logia han permitido realizar una mejor aproximacion a estos casos, determinando cuales obedecen a epilepsia focal sintomatica e identificando aquellos que se podrian beneficiar al ingresar a programas de cirugia de epilepsia.
Alem dos sintomas fisicos, os individuos com epilepsia sofrem tambem consequencias psicologicas e cognitivas refletindo um maior impacto social e academico na vida destes [8].
La epilepsia del lobulo temporal (ELT) asociada a esclerosis mesial es la forma de presentacion mas frecuente, y dentro de este grupo es comun observar pacientes quienes, a pesar de recibir un tratamiento farmacologico adecuado, continuan presentando crisis epilepticas (Engel, 1989).
La epilepsia pediatrica es especialmente importante, debido a que en este periodo etario el y la infante se encuentra en un momento decisivo de su desarrollo, durante el cual deberan ser aprendidas muchas destrezas cognitivas y sociales.
evaluaron a 84 ninos en tratamiento con acido valproico que requirieron tratamiento quirurgico de epilepsia refractaria, encontrando que en el posoperatorio el 28% de los pacientes tenian parametros sanguineos anormales y el 4,7% presentaban tiempos de protrombina y tiempos de tromboplastina activados en un rango mayor a 1,5 veces el rango de referencia, lo que determina que existe un riesgo potencial de sangrado (3).