epilepsia


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ep·i·lep·sy

(ep'i-lep'sē),
A chronic disorder characterized by paroxysmal brain dysfunction due to excessive neuronal discharge, and usually associated with some alteration of consciousness. The clinical manifestations of the attack may vary from complex abnormalities of behavior including generalized or focal convulsions to momentary spells of impaired consciousness. These clinical states have been subjected to a variety of classifications, none has been universally accepted to date and, accordingly, the terminologies used to describe the different types of attacks remain purely descriptive and nonstandardized; they are variously based on: the clinical manifestations of the seizure (motor, sensory, reflex, psychic or vegetative); the pathologic substrate (hereditary, inflammatory, degenerative, neoplastic, traumatic, or cryptogenic); the location of the epileptogenic lesion (rolandic, temporal, diencephalic regions); and the time of day at which the attacks occur (nocturnal, diurnal, menstrual).
[G. epilēpsia, seizure]

epilepsia

/ep·i·lep·sia/ (-lep´se-ah) [L.] epilepsy.
epilepsia partia´lis conti´nua  a form of status epilepticus with focal motor seizures, marked by continuous clonic movements of a limited part of the body.

Patient discussion about epilepsia

Q. what are the chances for a one time epileptic seizure? I had an epileptic seizure a few years ago and after all the tests it appeared to be a one time seizure. I know having one indicates my tendency for this kind of seizures so should I be afraid now to do things that might bring it up again- like alcohol, drugs, being exposed to flashing lights or having lack of sleep? what are the chances of it to come back after 5 years? any help will be very appreciated....thanks!

A. After 5 years with no recurrence of seizures after a one time episode, tha chances of having another one are low, almost exact to the general population. I would not advise you to start heavily drinking alcohol and doing drugs, because these things can certainly have an effect, however you need not be afraid.

Q. if some one gets a one time epileptic seizure- he have to take medication all his life? how do they decide if it's a one timer or it's going to continue from this day forth?

A. I had a one time epileptic seizure 5 years ago (due to lack of sleep- probably) and didn't have to take any medication though I did have some tests made like EEG and CT every half a year for some time. Like everything else in life- you can't decide it's not a one time till you get the second- which I hope you wont of course...
:)

Q. will my son get over his epilepsy he has had seizers since he was 6 months old he is know 3 and a half

More discussions about epilepsia
References in periodicals archive ?
Effects of a broad-spectrum behavior modification treatment program on children with refractory epileptic seizures, Epilepsia, 26, 4, 303-309.
The study, "The Cost of Epilepsy in the United States: An Estimate from Population-Based Clinical and Survey Data," was published in the March 2000 issue of the journal Epilepsia.
The comparative study, published in Epilepsia, was designed to compare the steady-state PK profile of USL255 (200 mg QD) to TPM-IR (100 mg Q12h) in the same healthy subjects.
A significant number of patients with partial-onset seizures remain uncontrolled on existing epilepsy therapies and the inability to control seizures can have a devastating impact on the quality of a patient's day to day life and functioning," said Professor Christian Elger, Director and Head of the Department of Epileptology at the University of Bonn, Germany and the lead author of one of the pivotal studies - published earlier this year in Epilepsia.
Liver enzyme induction and serum lipit levels after replacement of carbamazepine with oxcarbazepine Epilepsia 1994; 35:1217-20.
Levetiracetam intravenous infusion: a randomized placebo- controlled safety and pharmacokinetic study Epilepsia 47(7) : 1128-1135, 2006
This paediatric approval was based on study 312 (CATZ) published in Epilepsia in July 2013.
This paediatric approval in Russia is based on Study 312 (CATZ) published in Epilepsia in July 2013.
amp; Janik, Franz, Levetiracetam does not alter the pharmacokinetics of an oral contraceptive in healthy women, Epilepsia 2002; 43 (7): 697-702.
zonisamide) continues to be well-tolerated and efficacious when used as long-term monotherapy for the treatment of partial onset seizures in adults with newly diagnosed epilepsy, as demonstrated by a new publication in Epilepsia.