epigastric region


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Legal, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to epigastric region: umbilical region, Hypogastric region, epigastric hernia

region

 [re´jun]
a plane with more or less definite boundaries; called also regio. adj., adj re´gional.
abdominal r's the areas into which the anterior surface of the abdomen is divided, including the epigastric, hypochondriac (right and left), iliac (right and left), lumbar (right and left), hypogastric, and umbilical.
Nine abdominopelvic regions. From Applegate, 2000.
See illustration.
AN region the area of the heart where the atrial fibers merge with the atrioventricular node.
anal region the part of the perineal region that surrounds the anus.
axillary region the area of the upper chest surrounding the axilla, lateral to the pectoral region.
epigastric region the abdominal region that is superior and central in location, above the umbilical region and between the two hypochondriac regions.
facial region that comprising the various anatomical regions of the face, divided into buccal (side of oral cavity), infraorbital (below eye), mental (chin), nasal (nose), oral (lips), orbital (eye), parotid (angle of jaw), and zygomatic (cheek bone) regions.
H region the area of the bundle of His from its connection with the atrioventricular node to its branching portion.
homology r's looped structures, comprising approximately 100 amino acid residues and fastened by disulfide bonds, that show similarities in primary structure from one region to another. They represent the building blocks or units of immunoglobulin molecules.
hypochondriac region either of the abdominal regions that are in superior lateral locations, one on the left (left hypochondriac region) and one on the right (right hypochondriac region) of the epigastric region; called also hypochondrium.
hypogastric region suprapubic region.
I region that part of the major histocompatibility complex where immune response genes are present.
iliac region inguen.
inframammary region the part of the pectoral region inferior to the breast, bordered inferiorly by the hypochondriac region of the abdomen.
inguinal region inguen.
lateral region either of the abdominal regions that are in central lateral locations, one to the left (left lateral region) and one to the right (right lateral region) of the umbilical region; called also flank and lumbar region.
lateral pectoral region the most lateral part of the pectoral region, bounded laterally by the axillary region.
lumbar region
1. the region of the back lying lateral to the lumbar vertebrae. See also loin.
mammary region the part of the pectoral region surrounding the mammary gland.
N region [nodal region] the region of the atrioventricular node consisting of the body of the node.
NH region [nodal-His region] the area where the atrioventricular node becomes the bundle of His.
pectoral region the aspect of the chest overlying the pectoralis major muscle, subdivided into the lateral pectoral, mammary, and inframammary regions.
pelvic region suprapubic region.
perineal region the region underlying the pelvic outlet, subdivided into the anal and urogenital regions.
precordial region the part of the anterior surface of the body covering the heart and the pit of the stomach.
presternal region the region of the thorax overlying the sternum, bounded laterally by the pectoral regions.
pubic region suprapubic region.
suprapubic region the abdominal region that is inferior and central in location, below the umbilical region and between the two iliac(inguinal) regions; called also hypogastric or pelvic region.
umbilical region the abdominal region that is most central in location, surrounding the umbilicus; it is bounded laterally by the two lateral or lumbar regions, superiorly by the epigastric region, and inferiorly by the suprapubic or hypogastric region.
urogenital region the part of the perineal region that surrounds the external genital organs and the urethral orifice,

ep·i·gas·tric re·gion

[TA]
the region of the abdomen located between the costal margins and the subcostal plane. (TA lists this term as synonymous with epigastric fossa.
Synonym(s): epigastrium [TA], regio epigastrica

epigastric region

the part of the abdomen in the upper zone between the right and left hypochondriac regions. Also called antecardium, epigastrium. See also abdominal regions.

ep·i·gas·tric re·gion

(ep'i-gas'trik rē'jŭn) [TA]
The region of the abdomen located between the costal margins and the subcostal plane.
Synonym(s): epigastrium.
References in periodicals archive ?
Patient was apparently asymptomatic 1 week before, then he developed pain abdomen initially in epigastric region radiating to back, then diffuse in nature associated with vomiting, nausea and anorexia.
There was tenderness in the epigastric region but no abdominal guarding or rigidity.
On local examination a mass was felt in the epigastric region (figure 2) which was non tender, firm and mobile.
5 cm irregular nodular gray white solid retroperitoneal mass present at epigastric region
On abdominal palpation, a firm to hard, slightly mobile, mildly tender, & non pulsatile lump of variable size was felt in epigastric region which was dull on percussion.
On per abdomen examination a large epigastric mass of size 15 x 15 cm extending from the epigastric region curvilinearly to the just bellow and right of the umbilicus was found.
CASE REPORT: Here we present a case of 38 year old female patient who presented with swelling in epigastric region and right hypochondrium since 4 months with history of intermittent epigastric pain and non-bilious vomiting.
2 presented with mass per abdomen where the mass was felt in right hypochondriac, epigastric region with smooth surface, rounded border which was non tender.
Abdominal examination showed localized tender parietal swelling measuring 4cm x 2cm in the epigastric region.
USG abdomen shows iso to hypoechoic lesion measuring 4 x 3cm in lower epigastric region, no evidence of intussusception or obstruction.
Her abdomen was mildly tender in the umbilical and epigastric regions with no evidence of either focal or generalised peritonism.