epidemiological

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epidemiological

epidemiology

(ep?i-de-me-ol'o-je) [ epi- + Gr. demos, people + -logy]
The study of the distribution and determinants of health-related states and events in populations and the application of this study to the control of health problems. Epidemiology is concerned with the study of epidemic diseases caused by infectious agents and with health-related phenomena including accidents, suicide, climate, toxic agents (e.g., lead, air pollution), and catastrophes due to ionizing radiation.
See: pharmacoepidemiologyepidemiologicepidemiological (ep?i-de-me-o-loj'ik) (ep?i-de-me-o-loj'i-kal), adjective

epidemiological

emanating from or pertaining to epidemiology.

epidemiological associations
the associative relationships between the frequency of occurrence of a disease and its determinants, its predisposing and precipitating causes.
epidemiological intelligence
all of the epidemiological information about a disease occurrence. Includes information gathering over a short period at the time of an outbreak and the more prolonged follow-up of surveillance afterwards.
epidemiological techniques
include case-control study, clinical trials, cohort studies.
References in periodicals archive ?
2011b), and also the observed epidemiological association (Savitz et al.
The objective of the present study is to evaluate the potential impact of systematic and random uncertainty in the estimated PFOA drinking-water and serum concentrations on the epidemiological association between PFOA exposure and preeclampsia.
Epidemiological associations between periodontitis and cardiovascular disease have been reported.
Conference participants repeatedly pointed out the need to focus more on the basic mechanisms behind disease, rather than simply identifying epidemiological associations between exposures and disease.

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