epicatechin


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epicatechin

A natural plant phenol antioxidant (phytochemical) in a cis configuration, found in green tea and chocolate. It is a strong antixoidant and insulinomimetic, which reduces lipid peroxidation, inhibits platelet aggregation, controls vasodilation by regulating nitric oxide, and is thought to improve cardiac efficiency.
References in periodicals archive ?
The epicatechin monomers are making the mitochondria in the beta cells stronger, which produces more ATP (a cell's energy source), which then results in more insulin being released.
A further problem is that most of the chocolate available in the shops contains inadequate amounts of flavanols, including epicatechin, to have any real effect on our health.
7%, compared with those films containing rutin or epicatechin, which had tensile elongation values of 73.
Green tea phenolic epicatechins inhibit hepatitis C virus replication via cycloxygenase-2 and attenuate virus-induced inflammation.
Uptake and metabolism of epicatechin and its access to the brain after oral ingestion," Free Radical Biology and Medicine, vol.
02 (c) ([micro]g/g) Catechin nd Nd ([micro]g/g) Epicatechin nd nd ([micro]g/g) CSP level (%) Parameters 10% 15% TPC (mg GAE/g) 2.
The phenolic compounds present in peel include p-coumaric, gallic acid, protocatechuic, proanthocyanidins and tannins including catechin, epicatechin, epigallocatechin, catechin- gallate, gallocatechin and gallocatechin-gallate [7, 14, 15, 16].
Green tea (Camellia sinensis) is a rich source of bioactive ingredients including a specific type of flavonoid known as catechins (GTCs) which include catechin, epicatechin, epigallocatechin, epicatechin-3-gallate, epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), gallocatechin, catechin gallate and gallocatechin gallate.
The most common Green tea Catechins are epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), epigallocatechin (EGC), epicatechin gallate (ECG) and epicatechin (EC).
Despite his misgivings, Lukowiak and Fruson decided to concentrate on a group of compounds -- the flavonoids -- found in a wide range of 'superfoods' including chocolate and green tea, focusing on one particular flavonoid, epicatechin (epi).
The chief polyphenols are flavonoids such as catechin and proanthocyanidins, with the four major polyphenols being epicatechin, epicatechin gallate, epigallocatechin and epigallocatechin gallate.