2002), these data demonstrate that syndecan-2 begins to be expressed by cardiomyocytes immediately prior to the formation of the epicardium
Hypothermia causes asymmetric distortion of the earliest phase of membrane repolarization between the epicardium
and endocardium, manifested as J-wave or Osborn wave.
The sinoauricular node of the calf is located under the epicardium
and its structure is similar to NSA of moose but is 10-15 mm shorter (Fig.
Clinical experience has shown that VT and other arrhythmias originating on the epicardial aspect of the heart may not respond to endocardial ablation, suggesting the need for less invasive tools designed to create lesions on the epicardium
," said lead investigator Miguel Valderrabano, MD, FACC of The Methodist Hospital, Houston, TX.
The outflow tract consists of the right ventricle (RV) region between the pulmonary and tricuspid valves (RVOT), the basal LV including the outflow tract under the aortic valve, the aortic cusps and the basal LV epicardium
He was awarded the Katz prize for his work: "Wnt1 mediated dynamic injury response activates the epicardium
and is critical for mammalian cardiac repair.
The tip consists of a small plastic nipple with distal concavity that allows the instillation of saline at the point of laser exit from the device, while being superficial to the epicardium
This process begins in the 2nd month of embryonic life, when the heart is a "spongy," loosely interwoven mesh of muscle fibers which gradually compacts from the epicardium
to the endocardium and from the base to the apex.
The software tracks endo- and epicardium
, and describes left ventricular deformation in terms of longitudinal, radial and circumferential components.
The excessive fat deposits were restricted to the coelomic cavity because no appreciable fat was visible in any subcutaneous region, and fat was not observed in association with the epicardium
Anterolateral site of the mitral annulus is in close proximity to anterior of the right ventricle outflow tract, left ventricular epicardium
near to the left sinus Valsalva and subvalvular region of the left ventricular outflow tract.
nContact's Numeris[R] Coagulation System with VisiTrax[R] and EPi-Sense[TM] Coagulation System technology integrate suction, perfusion and radiofrequency energy to ensure consistent cardiac tissue contact and create visible, continuous lesions on the epicardium
of a beating heart.