ephedrine


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ephedrine

 [ĕ-fed´rin, ef´ĕ-drin]
an adrenergic alkaloid obtained from several species of the shrub Ephedra or produced synthetically; used as a bronchodilator, antiasthmatic, central nervous system stimulant, and pressor agent. Administered orally, parenterally, or intranasally as the hydrochloride, sulfate, or tannate salt. Besides its prescribed uses, it is also an ingredient in numerous supplements, with claimed benefits including weight loss, increased energy, and enhanced athletic performance.

e·phed·rine

(ĕ-fed'rin, ef'ĕ-drin),
An alkaloid from the leaves of Ephedra equisetina, E. sinica, and other species (family Gnetaceae), or produced synthetically; an adrenergic (sympathomimetic) agent with actions similar to those of epinephrine; used as a bronchodilator, mydriatic, pressor agent, and topical vasoconstrictor. Generally used salts are ephedrine hydrochloride and ephedrine sulfate.

ephedrine

/ephed·rine/ (ĕ-fed´rin) (ef´ĕ-drin) an adrenergic extracted from several species of Ephedra or produced synthetically; used in the form of the hydrochloride, sulfate, or tannate salt as a bronchodilator, antiallergic, central nervous system stimulant, and antihypotensive. It has also been used in supplements, with benefits claimed to include weight loss, increased energy, and enhanced athletic performance.

ephedrine

(ĭ-fĕd′rĭn, ĕf′ĭ-drēn′)
n.
A white, odorless, powdered or crystalline alkaloid, C10H15NO, isolated from shrubs of the genus Ephedra or made synthetically. It is used in the treatment of allergies and asthma.

epHEDrine

[ef′ədrēn]
an alpha- and beta-adrenergic agonist that also promotes the release of norepinephrine from sympathetic nerve terminals.
indications It is prescribed in the treatment of asthma and bronchitis and is used topically as a nasal decongestant. The drug is historically important, but its use is now limited because of the availability of more selective beta-2 agonists for treating asthma.
contraindications Concomitant administration of monoamine oxidase inhibitors, hypertension, cardiac artery disease, cardiac arrhythmia, or known hypersensitivity to this drug prohibits its use.
adverse effects Among the more serious adverse effects are nervousness, insomnia, anorexia, and increased blood pressure.

ephedrine

Therapeutics An adrenergic bronchodilator, diuretic, mydriatic, vasoconstrictor Route Oral Effects CNS stimulant Used for Bronchodilator for mild asthma

e·phed·rine

(ĕ-fed'rin, ef'ĕ-drin)
An alkaloid from the leaves of Ephedra equisetina, E. sinica, and other species (family Gnetaceae), or produced synthetically; an adrenergic (sympathomimetic) agent with actions similar to those of epinephrine; used as a bronchodilator, mydriatic, pressor agent, and topical vasoconstrictor. Commonly used salts include ephedrine hydrochloride and ephedrine sulfate.

ephedrine

A drug with a similar action to ADRENALINE but with a more stimulant effect on the nervous system, causing tremor, anxiety, insomnia and undue alertness. It is used to treat allergic conditions and ASTHMA. Ephedrine nasal drops decongest a swollen nose lining. The drug is on the WHO official list. A brand name is CAM. Ephedrine is also formulated with other drugs under the brand names of Franol, Franol Plus and Haymine.

Ephedrine

A sympathomimetic amine from plants of the genus Ephedra or chemically synthesized; an asthma medication that previously was used in weight loss drugs.
Mentioned in: Weight Loss Drugs

ephedrine

adrenergic (sympathomimetic) agent with actions similar to those of adrenaline; it is occasionally used to treat oedema associated with diabetic neuropathy

e·phed·rine

(ĕ-fed'rin, ef'ĕ-drin)
Alkaloid from the leaves of Ephedra equisetina, and other species, or produced synthetically; an adrenergic (sympathomimetic) agent with actions similar to those of epinephrine; a bronchodilator, and topical vasoconstrictor.

ephedrine

an adrenergic alkaloid obtained from several species of the shrub Ephedra or produced synthetically; used as the hydrochloride as a bronchodilator, antiallergic, central nervous system stimulant, mydriatic, pressor agent, and for stimulation of the α-adrenergic receptors in the treatment of certain types of urinary incontinence.
References in periodicals archive ?
Any decrease of about 20% from baseline in BP after spinal anesthesia was treated with 100 mg phenylephrine (if associated with tachycardia) or 5 mg ephedrine otherwise.
The investigation office adopted the stance that Ephedrine quota was smuggled instead of using in tablets.
The incidence of hypotension was 32% in phenylephrine 4mg group, 42% in ephedrine 45mg group, 70% in the phenylephrine 2mg group and 86% in the control group.
Cacdac said the powdered ephedrine weighing 886 grams was contained inside a self-sealing plastic bag, when it was confiscated by the PDEA and PAOCC agents.
Despite this, the operation was still a major accomplishment of the government against drugs since ephedrine is classified as (a) dangerous drug under DDB (Dangerous Drugs Board) Regulation no.
On February 11, 2004, The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) published a regulation declaring dietary supplements containing ephedrine alkaloids adulterated because they present an unreasonable risk of illness or injury under the conditions of use recommended or suggested in labeling.
In a statement affixed with the charge sheet, Lak confessed that in his former capacity he had transferred ANF officials, including an investigation team, to save Ali Musa in the ephedrine quota scandal.
Ephedrine and pseudoephedrine are the preferred chemicals for methamphetamine production.
2 -- WHETHER or not Prime Minister Gilani's son, Ali Musa Gilani, is involved in the Ephedrine scandal is something that we may not find out.
containing ephedrine alkaloids, a large family of pharmacological compounds called sympathomimetics banned by FDA since 2004 for use in dietary supplements.