ephedrine


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ephedrine

 [ĕ-fed´rin, ef´ĕ-drin]
an adrenergic alkaloid obtained from several species of the shrub Ephedra or produced synthetically; used as a bronchodilator, antiasthmatic, central nervous system stimulant, and pressor agent. Administered orally, parenterally, or intranasally as the hydrochloride, sulfate, or tannate salt. Besides its prescribed uses, it is also an ingredient in numerous supplements, with claimed benefits including weight loss, increased energy, and enhanced athletic performance.

e·phed·rine

(ĕ-fed'rin, ef'ĕ-drin),
An alkaloid from the leaves of Ephedra equisetina, E. sinica, and other species (family Gnetaceae), or produced synthetically; an adrenergic (sympathomimetic) agent with actions similar to those of epinephrine; used as a bronchodilator, mydriatic, pressor agent, and topical vasoconstrictor. Generally used salts are ephedrine hydrochloride and ephedrine sulfate.

ephedrine

/ephed·rine/ (ĕ-fed´rin) (ef´ĕ-drin) an adrenergic extracted from several species of Ephedra or produced synthetically; used in the form of the hydrochloride, sulfate, or tannate salt as a bronchodilator, antiallergic, central nervous system stimulant, and antihypotensive. It has also been used in supplements, with benefits claimed to include weight loss, increased energy, and enhanced athletic performance.

ephedrine

(ĭ-fĕd′rĭn, ĕf′ĭ-drēn′)
n.
A white, odorless, powdered or crystalline alkaloid, C10H15NO, isolated from shrubs of the genus Ephedra or made synthetically. It is used in the treatment of allergies and asthma.

epHEDrine

[ef′ədrēn]
an alpha- and beta-adrenergic agonist that also promotes the release of norepinephrine from sympathetic nerve terminals.
indications It is prescribed in the treatment of asthma and bronchitis and is used topically as a nasal decongestant. The drug is historically important, but its use is now limited because of the availability of more selective beta-2 agonists for treating asthma.
contraindications Concomitant administration of monoamine oxidase inhibitors, hypertension, cardiac artery disease, cardiac arrhythmia, or known hypersensitivity to this drug prohibits its use.
adverse effects Among the more serious adverse effects are nervousness, insomnia, anorexia, and increased blood pressure.

ephedrine

Therapeutics An adrenergic bronchodilator, diuretic, mydriatic, vasoconstrictor Route Oral Effects CNS stimulant Used for Bronchodilator for mild asthma

e·phed·rine

(ĕ-fed'rin, ef'ĕ-drin)
An alkaloid from the leaves of Ephedra equisetina, E. sinica, and other species (family Gnetaceae), or produced synthetically; an adrenergic (sympathomimetic) agent with actions similar to those of epinephrine; used as a bronchodilator, mydriatic, pressor agent, and topical vasoconstrictor. Commonly used salts include ephedrine hydrochloride and ephedrine sulfate.

ephedrine

A drug with a similar action to ADRENALINE but with a more stimulant effect on the nervous system, causing tremor, anxiety, insomnia and undue alertness. It is used to treat allergic conditions and ASTHMA. Ephedrine nasal drops decongest a swollen nose lining. The drug is on the WHO official list. A brand name is CAM. Ephedrine is also formulated with other drugs under the brand names of Franol, Franol Plus and Haymine.

Ephedrine

A sympathomimetic amine from plants of the genus Ephedra or chemically synthesized; an asthma medication that previously was used in weight loss drugs.
Mentioned in: Weight Loss Drugs

ephedrine

adrenergic (sympathomimetic) agent with actions similar to those of adrenaline; it is occasionally used to treat oedema associated with diabetic neuropathy

e·phed·rine

(ĕ-fed'rin, ef'ĕ-drin)
Alkaloid from the leaves of Ephedra equisetina, and other species, or produced synthetically; an adrenergic (sympathomimetic) agent with actions similar to those of epinephrine; a bronchodilator, and topical vasoconstrictor.

ephedrine

an adrenergic alkaloid obtained from several species of the shrub Ephedra or produced synthetically; used as the hydrochloride as a bronchodilator, antiallergic, central nervous system stimulant, mydriatic, pressor agent, and for stimulation of the α-adrenergic receptors in the treatment of certain types of urinary incontinence.
References in periodicals archive ?
Hi-Tech Pharmaceuticals fought the outlawing of ephedrine alkaloids and will not sit idly by while researchers and a biased media try to destroy acacia just so they can commercialize it into a prescription drug and ban it from the dietary supplement industry as they did with ephedrine alkaloids," concluded Wheat.
In a statement affixed with the charge sheet, Lak confessed that in his former capacity he had transferred ANF officials, including an investigation team, to save Ali Musa in the ephedrine quota scandal.
While Mexico is a major supplier of methamphetamine, the country currently has no facilities or chemical plants that can synthesize or manufacture pseudoephedrine or ephedrine powder.
Ephedra sinica, a herb containing ephedrine, is included in some herbal supplements used by athletes and others to accelerate fat loss and enhance feelings of physical well-being.
Callus growth and ephedrine content was analyzed in MS medium supplemented with various concentrations and combinations of auxins (NAA, IAA, IBA, 2,4-D) and cytokinins (BA, Kin).
He sought to have the suspension reduced on the basis that the Ephedrine was in a weight-loss supplement and was not taken in an attempt to enhance performance, but the panel concluded that losing weight would in fact have enhanced his performance.
Most drug offences uncovered by in-competition tests carry an automatic two-year ban but ephedrine is a "specified substance" under the World Anti-Doping Agency code, which means there is the potential for a more lenient punishment - possible sanctions range from a reprimand up to a two-year suspension.
Mirror Sport revealed yesterday that Kenny, 31, had tested positive for the stimulant ephedrine in a urine
The Halifax-born Republic of Ireland international, above, has been suspended by his club after testing positive for the stimulant ephedrine in a urine sample given after the Blades' play-off semi-final against Preston in May.
Kenny has been suspended by Sheffield United after testing positive for the stimulant ephedrine in a urine sample given after the Blades' play-off semi-final against Preston in May.
A comparison of ephedrine and mephentermine for the treatment of spinal anaesthesia-induced hypotension during caesarean section found that mephentermine was as safe and effective as ephedrine for maintenance of maternal blood pressure and for foetal outcome (2).