Among the fecal samples from these 42 patients, specimens of 8 patients (19%) tested positive for enteroviruses
3 EV71 is regarded as one of the most dangerous neurotropic enteroviruses
in the absence of vaccines and effective antiviral therapy.
Enteroviral infections were diagnosed by typical symptoms and clinical findings for enteroviruses
All adenoviruses and enteroviruses
in qPCR-positive samples were serotyped by nucleotide sequencing [see Supplemental Material, p.
Clinical diagnosis depends primarily on patients' positive tests for enteroviruses
isolated and identified as CoxA16, HEV71, or other common enteroviruses
known to cause HFMD.
Enterovirus 68 is associated with respiratory illness and shares biological features with both the enteroviruses
and the rhinoviruses.
While more studies are necessary to understand these associations and establish pathogenic mechanisms of enterovirus infections, clear evidence of an association between enteroviruses
and type 1 diabetes "opens up the possibility of developing new preventive and therapeutic strategies to fight this disease.
Recently, some clinically severe or highly transmissible pathogenic viruses, such as influenza A virus (INFAV), human adenovirus (HAdV), and enteroviruses
, have attracted public attention (Heikkinen, 2006; Lin, Huang, Ning, & Tsao, 2004).
belong to the Picornaviridae family and include more than 100 serotypes divided among 5 groups (poliovirus, human enterovirus A, human enterovirus B, human enterovirus C, and human enterovirus D) (1).
They include rhinoviruses, which are associated with the common cold, and enteroviruses
, which cause stomach upsets.
San Diego, CA), developer of advanced diagnostic products, announced that it has expanded its product portfolio to include the MGB Alert ENV real-time PCR reagent, designed to detect sequences associated with enteroviruses
The most common cause is coxsackievirus A16; sometimes, enterovirus 71 or other strains of enteroviruses