enterovirus 71


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enterovirus 71

Virology A virulent epidemic enterovirus serotype identified in 1969 in California Clinical Asymptomatic or diarrhea, rashes, hand-foot-mouth disease–vesicular lesions of hands, feet and oral mucosa, herpangina, aseptic meningitis, encephalitis, myocarditis, acute flaccid paralysis, rhombencephalitis, Guillain-Barré syndrome, rapidly fatal pulmonary edema, hemorrhage

enterovirus 71

Abbreviation: EV71
The virus that causes hand-foot-and-mouth disease. In about 30% of infected people, it causes neurological disease, e.g., encephalitis, viral meningitis, or flaccid paralysis.
See also: enterovirus
References in periodicals archive ?
Detection of enterovirus 71 sub-genogroup C4a in specimens from cases of acute flaccid paralysis, Australia.
Incidence and case-fatality rates resulting from the 1998 enterovirus 71 outbreak in Taiwan.
Retrospective seroepidemiology indicated that human enterovirus 71 and coxsackievirus A16 circulated wildly in central and southern China before large-scale outbreaks from 2008.
Epidemiology of enterovirus types causing neurological disease in Austria 1999-2007: detection of clusters of echovirus 30 and enterovirus 71 and analysis of prevalent genotypes.
Change of major genotype of enterovirus 71 in outbreaks of hand-foot-and-mouth disease in Taiwan between 1998 and 2000.
Human enterovirus 71 is one of the major causative agents of hand, foot and mouth disease in children and has caused mortalities in large-scale outbreaks in the Asia-Pacific region in recent years.
But the potentially fatal type now causing trouble in Cambodia, enterovirus 71, can cause neurological, cardiovascular and respiratory problems, and there are no specific antiviral drugs or vaccines available to fight it.
Manila: The Philippines has confirmed its first case of the deadly Enterovirus 71 (EV 71), a feared strain of a disease that normally afflicts farm animals.
Of these, majority tested positive for Enterovirus 71 (EV-71) which causes hand, foot and mouth disease.
The most common of these viruses are coxsackievirus A16 and enterovirus 71, which has been associated with other infections, but most often manifests as hand, foot and mouth disease.
The company is developing a number of new vaccine products, including vaccines for pneumococcal conjugate, enterovirus 71 (EV71) (against hand, foot & mouth disease), mumps, rubella, HIB, epidemic meningitis, chickenpox and human rabies.