enterotoxemia


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enterotoxemia

 [en″ter-o-tok-se´me-ah]
a condition characterized by the presence in the blood of toxins produced in the intestines.

enterotoxemia

/en·tero·tox·e·mia/ (en″ter-o-tok-se´me-ah) a condition characterized by the presence in the blood of toxins produced in the intestines.

en·ter·o·tox·e·mi·a

(en'tĕr-ō-tok-sē'mē-ă)
The presence of an enterotoxin in the blood.
Synonym(s): enterotoxaemia.
[enterotoxin + G. haima, blood]

enterotoxemia

a condition characterized by the presence in the blood of toxins produced in the intestines.

Clostridium perfringens enterotoxemia
all of the types of C. perfringens cause profound enteroxemia with sudden death as the principal manifestation. The postmortem lesions in type D (pulpy kidney disease) enterotoxemia are minimal especially if the course is short. In types A, B, C and E there is a severe enteritis with diarrhea and dysentery. The diseases are most common in young rapidly growing ruminants but foals and piglets are sometimes affected.
coliform enterotoxemia
see Escherichia coli enterotoxemia (below).
Escherichia coli enterotoxemia
calves with an enteric infection with the relevant serotype of E. coli show sudden collapse, subnormal temperature, coma, slow irregular heart rate, collapse of veins and pale mucosae. The course is short and affected calves die within 2-6 hours. Postmortem lesions are limited to flaccidity of the intestines and the presence of thin, yellow contents.
References in periodicals archive ?
The pathologist indicated that these findings were consistent with a diagnosis of enterotoxemia.
Sunflower seeds with the grain may help to stop enterotoxemia from overeating.
Some goat owners claim that sunflower seeds added to the kids' diet helps keep them free from stomach upset and makes them less susceptible to enterotoxemia at this time of the year.
As the corn harvest ends, vaccinate for enterotoxemia the lambs you let run in the cornfields.
Be sure they are started on a late gestation ration, are scheduled to be sheared around the crotch, udder and face, and are in line for their enterotoxemia type C and D shots.
The ewe may be vaccinated four to six weeks prior to lambing with both Clostridium C and D toxoid, to prevent enterotoxemia or overeating disease, and Tetanus toxoid.
The Sheepman's Production Handbook recommends that where problems exist, sheep should be vaccinated as follows: vibriosis (ewes); tetanus (ewes); Type C enterotoxemia (ewes); sore mouth (lambs); and bluetongue (ewes, at least three weeks before breeding).