enterocyte


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enterocyte

(en'tĕr-ō-sīt),
A type of epithelial cell that lines the gut.
[entero- + -cyte]

enterocyte

(ĕn′tĕr-ō-sīt″) [″ + ″]
A nutrient-absorbing cell located on the surface of the small intestinal villus. Its free surface cell membrane is folded into microvilli that increase the surface area available for absorption.

enterocyte

the predominant cells in the small intestinal mucosa. They are tall columnar cells and responsible for the final digestion and absorption of nutrients, electrolytes and water.
References in periodicals archive ?
Similar reductions occurred in association with obesity, DM, MS, and NAFLD, promoting alterations in the intestinal barrier and enterocytes leading to increased intestinal permeability.
Decreased activities of antioxidant enzymes in intestine or enterocytes with oxidized lipids have been found using various models (Ringseis et al.
Reports have also shown that lectins bind to complementary carbohydrates present on the surface of enterocytes, for example in glycolipids and glycoproteins of the brush border membrane and as a result of enterocyte atrophy, the nutrient absorption surface area becomes reduced and the transport of nutrients through the epithelium gets impeded, which leads to inhibited growth of animals.
Bcl2 expression was taken as positive when expression was noted in the enterocyte cytoplasm or in the nuclear membrane.
Villous ischaemia-reperfusion injury in haemodynamic instability and hypotension leads to epithelial morphological disruption, apoptotic and necrotic cell loss, blunted villous height, and shedding of enterocytes into the gut lumen.
Dietary iron is extracted into duodenal enterocytes at the luminal or villous pole via the divalent metal transporter 1 (DMT 1).
Reduced heparan sulfate accumulation in enterocytes contributes to protein-losing enteropathy in a congenital disorder of glycosylation.
The uptake of dietary non-haem iron in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract requires protein-mediated transport and two separate enterocyte pathways have been identified, namely the Divalent Metal Transporter-1 (DMT-1) and the Integrin-Mobilferrin pathway (IMP),8 DMT1 requires iron in the ferrous form ([Fe.
These genes affect the ability of the pathogen to produce and secrete proteins known as "LEE," short for "locus of enterocyte effacement.
Then, once inside the enterocyte, they are hydrolysed to amino acids by cytoplasmic peptidases and pass into the bloodstream.
Once inside the enterocyte, iron is transported to the basolateral side of the cell where iron can be transported out of the cell into the blood.