enterococcus

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Enterococcus

 [en″ter-o-kok´us]
a genus of gram-positive, facultatively anaerobic bacteria of the family Streptococcaceae, formerly classified in the genus Streptococcus.E. faeca´lis and E. fae´cium are normal inhabitants of the human intestinal tract that occasionally cause urinary tract infections, infective endocarditis, and bacteremia; E. a´vium is found primarily in the feces of chickens and may be associated with appendicitis, otitis, and brain abscesses in humans.

enterococcus

 [en″ter-o-kok´us] (pl. enterococ´ci) (Gr.)
an organism belonging to the genus Enterococcus.

Enterococcus

(en'tĕr-ō-kok'ŭs),
Genus of facultatively anaerobic, generally nonmotile, non-spore-forming, gram-positive bacteria (family Streptococcaceae), formerly classified as part of the genus Streptococcus. Found in the intestinal tract of humans and animals, enterococci cause intraabdominal, wound, and urinary tract infections. Type species is E. faecalis. E. faecium is also clinically significant, because of its propensity to develop antibiotic resistance.

en·ter·o·coc·cus

, pl.

en·ter·o·coc·ci

(en'tĕr-ō-kok'ŭs, -kok'sī), Avoid the mispronunciation en-ter-ō-kok'ī of the plural of this word.
A streptococcus that inhabits the intestinal tract.
[entero- + G. kokkos, a berry]

enterococcus

/en·tero·coc·cus/ (en″ter-o-kok´us) pl. enterococ´ci   an organism belonging to the genus Enterococcus.

Enterococcus

/En·tero·coc·cus/ (en″ter-o-kok´us) a genus of gram-positive facultatively anaerobic cocci of the family Streptococcaceae; E. faeca´lis and E. fae´cium are normal inhabitants of the human intestinal tract that occasionally cause urinary tract infections, infective endocarditis, and bacteremia; E. a´vium is found primarily in the feces of chickens and may be associated with appendicitis, otitis, and brain abscesses in humans.

enterococcus

(ĕn′tə-rō-kŏk′əs)
n. pl. entero·cocci (-kŏk′sī′, -kŏk′ī′)
A usually nonpathogenic streptococcus that inhabits the intestine.

en′ter·o·coc′cal adj.

Enterococcus

[en′terokok′us] pl. enterococci
Etymology: Gk, enteron + kokkos, berry
a genus of gram-positive, facultatively anaerobic bacteria of the family Streptococcaceae, formerly classified in the genus Streptococcus. E. faecalis and E. faecium are normal inhabitants of the human intestinal tract that occasionally cause urinary tract infections, infective endocarditis, bacteremia, and life-threatening nosocomial infections (vancomycin-resistant enterococci infection). E. avium is found primarily in the feces of chickens and may be associated with appendicitis, otitis, and brain abscesses in humans.

En·ter·o·coc·cus

(en'ter-ō-kok'ŭs)
Genus of facultatively anaerobic, generally nonmotile, non-spore-forming, gram-positive bacteria. Found in the intestinal tract of humans and animals, enterococci cause intraabdominal, wound, and urinary tract infections. Type species is E. faecalis. E. faecium is also clinically significant.

enterococcus

A STREPTOCOCCUS inhabiting the intestine.

enterococcus

(pl. enterococci) BACTERIA of the GENUS Enterococcus. Such bacteria are GRAM POSITIVE, COCCOID and facultative ANAEROBES. The genus was established to accommodate STREPTOCOCCI found in the human and animal INTESTINE, such as Streptococcus faecalis, now Enterococcus faecalis.

en·ter·o·coc·cus

, pl. enterococci (entĕr-ō-kokŭs, -sī) Avoid the mispronunciation en-ter-ō-kok'ī of the plural of this word.
A streptococcus that inhabits the intestinal tract.
[entero- + G. kokkos, a berry]

enterococcus

(en´tərō´kok´əs),
n any
Streptococcus bacterium that inhabits the intestinal tract.

Enterococcus

a group of streptococci, mostly of Lancefield Group D. E. durans (previously Streptococcus durans), E. faecalis (previously S. faecalis) and E. faecium (previously S. faecium) are a cause of avian streptococcosis. Mostly they are found in the feces of animals and may be involved in opportunist infections. E. avium (previously S. avium) is of unknown pathogenicity.

Enterococcus seriolicida
an important pathogen for Japanese yellowtail and rainbow trout. Called also Lactococcus parviae and Streptococcus spp. biovar 1.
References in periodicals archive ?
During the 11-year period of the study, nearly 20,000 enterococcal isolates were collected and tested for vancomycin susceptibility.
In addition she was diagnosed with septic enterococcal arthritis on the basis of the joint aspirate culture.
To monitor water quality, officials in Europe and North America commonly measure the presence of fecal coliform or enterococcal bacteria, both of which can cause gastroenteritis.
With this new test, clinicians may prescribe earlier and more appropriate therapy for enterococcal infections.
Peptide nucleic acid fluorescent in situ hybridization for hospital-acquired Enterococcal bacteremia: delivering earlier effective antimicrobial therapy.
Cure Rates for the ITT Population with Confirmed Enterococcal Disease.
Furthermore, the current PCR test also appears to be particularly insensitive to enterococcal bacteraemia (5).
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reports that 30 percent of enterococcal HAIs are due to VRE.
This review highlights the shifting spectrum of enterococcal infections, along with their geographical distribution and growing nosocomial importance.
Recent publications, international reports and supplements to journals covering hospital-acquired infections have discussed and commented upon Clostridium difficile, (17) glycopeptide-resistant enterococcal bacteraemia, (18) and more recently guidelines for preventing health care-associated infections in NHS hospitals in the UK.
And an outbreak of vancomycin-resistant enterococcal infection in a burn unit was determined to have perpetuated by a contaminated ECG lead wire harness.