enterochromaffin


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enterochromaffin

pertaining to intestine and chromaffin.

enterochromaffin cells
epithelial cells of the intestinal mucosa which stain with chromium salts; they usually contain serotonin.
enterochromaffin tumor
References in periodicals archive ?
However, the amount of melatonin produced in the GI tract by enterochromaffin cells is 400 times greater than that produced by the pineal gland.
Serotonin (5'-hydroxy tryptamine; 5-HT) is a bioamine, which is synthesized from L-tryptophan mainly in enterochromaffin cells of the gastrointestinal tract and central nervous system.
Some tumors contain small intestinal-type cells, such as Paneth cells and enterochromaffin cells.
Serotonin released from the enterochromaffin cells (ECC) during postprandial parasympathetic drives19,20 modulates both beta and alpha cells.
It is secreted by the enterochromaffin cells of the microvilli and it promotes peristalsis in the GIT.
Chemotherapeutic agents release serotonin from the enterochromaffin cells of the small intestine; this released serotonin is free to activate 5-H[T.
Important depots in mammals were enterochromaffin cells in the gastrointestinal mucosa, serotonergic neurones of the brain, the pineal gland, and platelets.
Produced in the GI tract's enterochromaffin cells, serotonin levels have been found to be low in some studies of FM and MD.
We selected carcinoid tumors by specifying carcinoid NOS (8240), somato statinoma (8156), enterochromaffin cell (8241), goblet cell (8243), and composite (8244)-type carcinoids.
The above hyperparasympathetic activity is explained because plasma serotonin excites the medullary area postrema located outside the blood brain barrier and activates parasympathetic mechanisms that increase the release of serotonin from the enterochromaffin cells, associated with the blood pressure and heart rate decreases.
The neurotransmitter/neurohormone serotonin [5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT)] [5] is synthesized from the essential amino acid tryptophan in the enterochromaffin cells of the gut and in serotonergic neurons in the central nervous system (1, 2).