enterochromaffin

enterochromaffin

pertaining to intestine and chromaffin.

enterochromaffin cells
epithelial cells of the intestinal mucosa which stain with chromium salts; they usually contain serotonin.
enterochromaffin tumor
References in periodicals archive ?
It is an amine and about 90% of body serotonin is present in enterochromaffin cells of gut mucosa.
Over 95% of 5-HT is synthesized in the enterochromaffin cells of the intestine; other synthetic sites include the raphe nuclei of the brain and the neuroendothelial cells that line the lung.
Gut microbes promote colonic serotonin production through an effect of short-chain fatty acids on enterochromaffin cells.
Chronic acid suppression caused by PPIs results in high pH which stimulates G cells in gastric antrum, causing hypergastrinaemia and inducing hyperplasia of enterochromaffin like (ECL) cells.
The normal biliary tree shows very small numbers of focally distributed enterochromaffin cells in the gallbladder neck, large bile ducts, and hepatic hilum.
Serotonin antagonists were developed through modifications in the antiemetic metoclopramide, and work by selectively blocking the serotonin receptors both centrally - in the hypothalamus, the chemoreceptor trigger zone and the cerebral cortex and peripherally in the enterochromaffin cells of the intestinal mucosa.
In 1937, 5-HT has been found in the enterochromaffin cells of the gastrointestinal tract, and was named enteramine because of its believed implications in the intestinal smooth muscle contraction.
Methyl syringate has been established as a specific and selective activator of TRPA1, which is expressed in sensory neurons, keratinocytes, endothelial cells, enterochromaffin cells, and lung epithelial cells, indicating diverse roles.
Mast cells, basophils, neurons and enterochromaffin cells carry out synthesis of histamine.
Two cells of interest in the brain-gut axis are pinealocytes and enterochromaffin cells.
Identification of enteramine, the specific hormone of the enterochromaffin cell system, as 5-hydroxytryptamine.
Stress induced somatic hypoalgesia mediated by descending pain inhibitory pathways involving opioidergic, glutaminergic, and serotonergic systems can be accompanied by a stress induced visceral hyperalgesia indirectly mediated by sympathetic and/or parasympathetic nerves stimulating the release of chemicals from mast and enterochromaffin like (ECL) cells within the gut wall which sensitizes the visceral afferent terminals.