enteric infection

enteric infection

a disease of the intestine caused by any infection. Symptoms similar to those caused by pathogens may be produced by chemical toxins in ingested foods and by allergic reactions to certain food substances. Among bacteria commonly involved in enteric infections are Escherichia coli, Vibrio cholerae, and several species of Salmonella, Shigella, and anaerobic streptococci. Enteric infections are characterized by diarrhea, abdominal discomfort, nausea and vomiting, and anorexia. A significant loss of fluid and electrolytes may result from severe vomiting and diarrhea. Oral rehydration therapy with clean water and electrolyte solution may be given. Medication for sedation and relief of abdominal cramps may be prescribed. Antibiotics may be recommended, depending on the specific microorganism causing the infection.
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Colonic mucosa in enteric infection
References in periodicals archive ?
Since 2010, FoodNet has been tracking the increasing use of cultureCEindependent diagnostic tests instead of culture by clinical laboratories for diagnosis of some bacterial enteric infection.
Men who have sex with men (MSM) are known to be at risk for transmission of enteric infection (4).
Enteric infection meets intestinal function: how bacterial pathogens cause diarrhoea.
Common NTDs are Ascariasis, Trichuriasis, Hookworm, Schistosomiasis, Onchocerciasis, Sleeping Sickness, Trachoma and Enteric Infection.
GBS in Bangladesh is frequently preceded by an enteric infection caused by Campylobacter jejuni (3).
However, the long-term population-based extent of sequelae from prior enteric infection has remained unclear because previous studies have not adjusted for confounding variables, follow-up was short-term (8), evaluations were taken when populations were exposed to an outbreak of water-borne disease (8,14), and adverse events were either identified by self-reporting (8,14) or compared with expected, but not measured, rates of events in the general population (15).
Thus, we presume that SAFV is only a gastroenteric passenger because most picornaviruses are associated with enteric infection and with a known fecal-oral route of transmission.
An episode of acute enteric infection involving extraintestinal organs can also lead to complications and trigger chronic disease.
In 1 case, a bacteremia with an enteric infection was found.
Since 2010, FoodNet has been tracking the increasing use of cultureindependent diagnostic tests used by clinical laboratories for diagnosis of bacterial enteric infection.
On the other hand, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) has made enteric infection diagnosis easy and fast.
According to a recent report of PCRWR, the incidences of typhoid fever, bacillary sysentery, infectious hepatitis and other enteric infection in many countries may be transmitted through water.