enlarged lymph nodes


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lymphadenopathy

A generic term for lymph node enlargement of any aetiology, benign or malignant.

Lymphadenopathy, aetiology
Infection
• Viral—Infectious mononucleosis, CMV, HIV.
• Bacterial—Typhoid, TB, syphilis, Yersinia.
Malignancy
• Lymphoproliferative—especially lymphoma
• Metastases.

Storage
Lipid storage, Niemann-Pick, sphingomyelia.

Drugs
Phenytoin, allopurinol, isoniazid.

Immune
Automimmune, rheumatoid arthritis, sarcoid, GVHD.

Benign hyperplasia, Langerhans cell histiocytosis.

enlarged lymph nodes

Lymphadenopathy, see there.

Patient discussion about enlarged lymph nodes

Q. my friend ate a bar of chocolate and now her left neck gland is swollen any ideas why? no other symptoms

A. it can be an infection -just like brandon said- or although this is rare, it can also be an allergic reaction.
if it is an infection, you can usually find such other infection symptoms like : fever, pain in that swollen area, increased white blood cells (in blood work test), etc.

if it is an allergy, usually it will fade away itself in couple of days, or you can just try to consume anti-allergic drugs, such as : loratadine and maybe combined with dexamethasone.

Good luck, and stay healthy always..

More discussions about enlarged lymph nodes
References in periodicals archive ?
The mean erythrocyte sedimentation rate was found to be 15[+ or -]9 in the group with normal physical examination and 29[+ or -]28 in the group with enlarged lymph nodes.
Those CTs showed multiple enlarged lymph nodes with extensive necrosis and perinodal inflammation on the left side of the neck, predominantly in the posterior cervical space (figure 1).
Lymphoma, on broad spectrum, classifies into two major categories, Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL) and non Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) depending upon histopathologic evidence on biopsy taken from an enlarged lymph node.
After infective bite, most patients develop fever, headache, muscle/joint aches and enlarged lymph nodes within one to two weeks.
Taking into consideration all of the above, enlarged lymph nodes are still very common and the majority are benign.
By attention to results of microscopic findings enlarged lymph nodes were found with highest frequency because this type of alteration was the earliest finding of any type of antigenic stimulation.
The typical findings on CT are a unilateral clumped group of enlarged lymph nodes clustered in the primary echelon drainage of the site of contact.
Enlarged lymph nodes predominantly hypoechoic/ necrotic.
Lymphatic System-Many patients have enlarged lymph nodes.
The majority of individuals who entered the study with enlarged lymph nodes saw a 50% or greater decline in their lymph node size," Dr.
In general, following the administration of intravenous contrast medium, the enlarged lymph nodes enhanced avidly.