An exercise trainer supervised the trainings and recorded the ratings of perceived exertion (RPE), using the RPE scale (Borg, 1998), before the beginning of the training (T0), at the end of the endurance phase (T1), before the beginning of the resistance phase (T2) and at the end of it (T3).
Protocol 2 differed from protocol 1 only in the order of execution and the warm-up: the resistance phase was followed by the endurance phase and the warm-up was executed through five minutes of whole body calisthenics exercises.
The time seems slow but the training's going really well though I'm at the endurance phase
The courses, which last six months, begin with an endurance phase
, held in the Brecon Beacons, and lasting three weeks.
Armstrong is working to a strict plan with the players, having now completed the endurance phase
first - including long, tiring hill runs near their training ground - and improved strength and power.
American Olympic rider Bruce Davidson, who finished Saturday's speed and endurance phase
in eighth place, was subsequently disqualified by the Ground Jury when his nine-year-old Man of Stars was found to have spur marks on both sides.
New Zealander Todd's 11-year-old Stunning lived up to his name with an impeccable test which put him in pole position for today's speed and endurance phase
Both horses then went clear inside the time in the speed and endurance phase
, where they had to tackle the traditional roads and tracks and steeplechase sections as well as the cross country course.
Todd's New Zealand team-mate Blyth Tait, on his Atlanta Olympics gold medal partner Ready Teddy, also stayed in contention for the start of today's decisive speed and endurance phase
, which includes a big 32-obstacle cross-country course.
The pair's form improved immeasurably during the speed and endurance phase
, with a fine cross-country clear that saw them come home fault free inside the optimum time.
This year's event will be run without the steeplechase and endurance phases
for the first time and competitors will have to set off around the cross-country course without the official warm-up phases.
The three-day timetable starts with the Horse Inspection on May 15, followed by two days of dressage with the endurance phases
on May 18 and the show jumping (in reverse order) on the Sunday.