endotoxemia


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endotoxemia

 [en″do-tok-se´me-ah]
the presence of endotoxins in the blood.

en·do·tox·e·mi·a

(en'dō-tok-sē'mē-ă),
Presence in the blood of endotoxins, which, if derived from gram-negative rod-shaped bacteria, may cause a generalized Shwartzman phenomenon with shock.

endotoxemia

/en·do·tox·e·mia/ (en″do-toks-ēm´e-ah) the presence of endotoxins in the blood, which may result in shock.

en·do·tox·e·mi·a

(en'dō-tok-sē'mē-ă)
Presence in the blood of endotoxins, which, if derived from gram-negative, rod-shaped bacteria, may cause a generalized Shwartzman phenomenon with shock.
Synonym(s): endotoxaemia.

endotoxemia

the presence of endotoxins in the blood.
References in periodicals archive ?
Energy intake is associated with endotoxemia in apparently healthy men.
Some clinical and experimental studies indicated that the cholinergic antiinflammatory reflex was impaired during endotoxemia and cytokine-mediated diseases such as FMF (1,11,31).
Intestinal permeability, gastric intramucosal pH, and systemic endotoxemia in patients undergoing cardiopulmonary bypass.
The reasons for the endothelial dysfunction progression in patients with chronic hepatitis are: systemic inflammatory reaction, dysbiosis and endotoxemia, violation of metabolic liver function.
35) Here, the question was whether the type of gram-negative bacteremia detected, either an Enterobacteriaceae type or not, was an important factor in the ability of the assay to detect endotoxemia, a question that no single study had been large enough to address.
Elimination of IL-6 attenuates coagulation activation in experimental endotoxemia in chimpanzees.
Low-density lipoprotein receptor deficient mice are protected against lethal endotoxemia and severe gram negative infections.
Following chronic alcohol exposure, rats developed endotoxemia and severe pathological changes in the liver such as pronounced fatty change, vacuolar degeneration and inflammation.
In addition, the company announced the presentation of its poster titled "The Histone Deacetylase (HDAC) Inhibitor PCI-24781 decreases pro-inflammatory cytokine secretion in vitro and in vivo and protects against endotoxemia in a sepsis model" at the American Society of Hematology in Orlando on Monday December 6, 2010.
The expression of iNOS in endotoxemia is cytoprotecting, inhibiting microthrombosis by the prevention of the adhesion of platelets and of damages caused by free radicals.
Apolipoprotein E knock out mice are highly susceptible to endotoxemia and Klebsiella pnuemoniae infection.
This study lays the foundation for further studies based on insulin infusion and the normalization of blood glucose concentrations in patients with endotoxemia and septicemia," said Paresh Dandona.