endothelial cell


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Related to endothelial cell: epithelial cell

en·do·the·li·al cell

one of the simple squamous cells forming the lining of blood and lymph vessels and the inner layer of the endocardium.
Synonym(s): endotheliocyte

endothelial cell

Etymology: Gk, endon, within, thele, nipple; L, cella, storeroom
a lining cell of a body cavity or of the cardiovascular system. It is usually seen as a flat, nucleated cell.
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Endothelial cells

en·do·the·li·al cell

(en'dō-thē'lē-ăl sel)
One of the simple squamous cells forming the lining of blood and lymph vessels and the inner layer of the endocardium.

endothelial cell

The type of epithelial cell that lines blood vessels and lymph vessels; these cells are usually squamous (flattened) and form sheets one layer thick. Endothelial cells are derived from mesenchyme cells of the embryo. A sheet of endothelial cells is called an endothelium.
See: endothelium
See also: cell
References in periodicals archive ?
Monocytic cell adhesion to human endothelial cells was measured using a fluorescently-labeled cell line, U-937.
Diego Alvarez of the Department of Pharmacology at University of South Alabama Collage of Medicine for providing endothelial cells and guidance and Mr.
These MPs increase capillary-like formation and proliferation but inhibit migration in endothelial cell culture.
Increased levels of viable circulating endothelial cells are an indicator of progressive disease in cancer patients.
Enteric microflora contribute to constitutive ICAM-1 expression on vascular endothelial cells, Am J Physiol Gastrointestinal Liver Physiol, 279: 186-191.
Interestingly, to our knowledge, endothelial cell behaviour on textile structures has not been investigated in depth.
tissue factor pathway inhibitor (TFPI), an endogenous anticoagulant molecule, specifically inhibits the growth of endothelial cells, which makes it an appropriate candi-date for development as an antiangiogenic drug
These chemicals, called free radicals, can cause damage by injuring endothelial cells, which line the arteries and regulate contraction and relaxation in response to blood flow.
SECTION II: MECHANISMS AND CONSEQUENCES OF PULMONARY ENDOTHELIAL CELL INJURY
The team used endothelial cells derived from cow respiratory vessels, which congregated around the tumor and created the blood vessel architecture.
Endothelial microparticles (EMPs) are defined as small vesicles (100 nm to 1 mm in diameter) released from endothelial cells in response to activation or apoptosis by various stimuli (12), with a subset of important membrane proteins and phospholipids from their parent cells.
Adhesion of human basophils, eosinophils and neutrophils to interleukin-1 activated human vascular endothelial cells: contribution of endothelial cell adhesion molecules.

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