endoscopic ultrasonography


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endoscopic ultrasonography

Endoscopy A technique in which an echoendoscope is used to identify masses below the resolution of conventional imaging modalities. See Ultrasonography.

endoscopic ultrasonography

A refined form of ultrasound imaging in which the transducer is inserted into the body by way of an endoscopic port so that it may be brought closer to the point of interest. The method has been found especially useful in dealing with stones in the bile ducts or in other situations in which direct endoscopic vision is difficult.

Endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS)

Diagnostic imaging technique in which an ultrasound probe is inserted down a patient's throat to determine if a tumor is present.

ultrasonography

an imaging technique in which deep structures of the body are visualized by recording the reflections (echoes) of ultrasonic waves directed into the tissues.
Frequencies in the range of 1 million to 10 million hertz are used in diagnostic ultrasonography. The lower frequencies provide a greater depth of penetration and are used to examine abdominal organs; those in the upper range provide less penetration and are used predominantly to examine more superficial structures such as the eye.
The basic principle of ultrasonography is the same as that of depth-sounding in oceanographic studies of the ocean floor. The ultrasonic waves are confined to a narrow beam that may be transmitted through, refracted, absorbed, or reflected by the medium toward which they are directed, depending on the nature of the surface they strike.
In diagnostic ultrasonography the ultrasonic waves are produced by electrically stimulating a piezoelectric crystal called a transducer. As the beam strikes an interface or boundary between tissues of varying acoustic impedance (e.g. muscle and blood) some of the sound waves are reflected back to the transducer as echoes. The echoes are then converted into electrical impulses that are displayed on an oscilloscope, presenting a 'picture' of the tissues under examination.
Ultrasonography can be utilized in examination of the heart (echocardiography) and in identifying size and structural changes in organs in the abdominopelvic cavity. It is, therefore, of value in identifying and distinguishing cancers and benign cysts. The technique also may be used to evaluate tumors and foreign bodies of the eye, and to demonstrate retinal detachment. Ultrasonography is not, however, of much value in examination of the lungs because ultrasound waves do not pass through structures that contain air.
A particularly important use of ultrasonography is in the field of obstetrics and gynecology. It is a fast, relatively safe, and reliable technique for diagnosing pregnancy, and for detecting some typical fetal anomalies.

A-mode ultrasonography
(amplitude modulation) that in which on the cathode-ray tube (CRT) display one axis represents the time required for the return of the echo and the other corresponds to the strength of the echo, as in echoencephalography.
B-mode ultrasonography
(brightness modulation) that in which the position of a spot on the CRT display corresponds to the time elapsed (and thus to the position of the echogenic surface) and the brightness of the spot to the strength of the echo; movement of the transducer produces a sweep of the ultrasound beam and a tomographic scan of a cross-section of the body.
Doppler ultrasonography
endoscopic ultrasonography
a high resolution ultrasound transducer, mounted on a flexible endoscope, can be used to gain images from within a hollow organ, such as the gastrointestinal tract. This overcomes some of the problems ingesta and fecal material cause in other methods of ultrasound examination.
gray-scale ultrasonography
B-mode ultrasonography in which the strength of echoes is indicated by a proportional brightness of the displayed dots.
M-mode ultrasonography
(motion mode) a type of B-mode ultrasonography in which spots on the CRT display produce a tracing of the motion of echogenic objects. Used in echocardiography.
real-time ultrasonography
B-mode ultrasonography using an array of detectors so that scans can be made electronically at a rate of 30 frames a second, thus giving a true display of motion, such as that of the heart.
References in periodicals archive ?
Endoscopic ultrasonography of normal and pathologic upper gastrointestinal wall structure.
Total quantity or scope: Complete system for endoscopy and endoscopic ultrasonography High Definition Linear - 1 pc.
Prospective evaluation of endoscopic ultrasonography, endoscopic retrograde pancreatography, and secretin test in the diagnosis of chronic pancreatitis.
TA-US indicates transabdominal ultrasonography; CT, computed tomography; ERCP, endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography; EUS, endoscopic ultrasonography.
Localization of pancreatic endocrine tumors by endoscopic ultrasonography.
Prospective controlled study of endoscopic ultrasonography and endoscopic retrograde cholangiography in patients with suspected common-bileduct lithiasis.
Extrahepatic biliary obstruction: magnetic resonance imaging compared with endoscopic ultrasonography.
Effectiveness of endoscopic ultrasonography in the diagnosis of choledocholithiasis prior to laparoscopic cholecystectomy.
Endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS), with the 12 MHz Olympus UM-2R probe passed through the working channel of the standard colonoscope, documented a hypoechoic lesion, 4 x 3 cm in diameter, with internal septations located in the submucosal layer (Fig 3).
Endoscopic ultrasonography is useful in the diagnosis and shows an anechoic lesion, usually with septations located in the submucosal layer.
Kameyama H, Niwa Y, Arisawa T, et al: Endoscopic ultrasonography in the diagnosis of submucosal lesions of the large intestine.
Application: gastroscopy, ERCP, colonoscopy, bronchoscopy, endoscopic ultrasonography.

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