endometrium


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Related to endometrium: endometrioma, Endometrial hyperplasia

endometrium

 [en″do-me´tre-um] (pl. endome´tria) (Gr.)
the mucous membrane lining the uterus. adj., adj endome´trial.

en·do·me·tri·um

, pl.

en·do·me·tri·a

(en'dō-mē'trē-ŭm, -trē-ă), [TA]
The mucous membrane comprising the inner layer of the uterine wall; it consists of a simple columnar epithelium and a lamina propria that contains simple tubular uterine glands. The structure, thickness, and state of the endometrium undergo marked change with the menstrual cycle. The blastocyst implants into the endometrium making the uterus gravid. If implantation does not occur, the superficial part of the endometrium is shed during the (hemorrhagic) menstrual phase of the uterine cycle.
Synonym(s): tunica mucosa uteri [TA]
[endo- + G. mētra, uterus]

endometrium

/en·do·me·tri·um/ (-me´tre-um) pl. endome´tria   the mucous membrane lining the uterus.

endometrium

(ĕn′dō-mē′trē-əm)
n. pl. endome·tria (-trē-ə)
The glandular mucous membrane that lines the uterus.

en′do·me′tri·al adj.

endometrium

[en′dōmē′trē·əm]
Etymology: Gk, endon + metra, womb
the mucous membrane lining of the uterus, consisting of the stratum compactum, the stratum spongiosum, and the stratum basale. The endometrium changes in thickness and structure with the menstrual cycle. The stratum compactum and the stratum spongiosum constitute the pars functionalis and are shed with each menstrual flow. The pars functionalis is known as the decidua during pregnancy, when it underlies the placenta. Compare myometrium, parametrium.

en·do·me·tri·um

, pl. endometria (en'dō-mē'trē-ŭm, -ă) [TA]
The mucous membrane forming the inner layer of the uterine wall; it consists of a simple columnar epithelium and a lamina propria that contains simple tubular uterine glands. The structure, thickness, and state of the endometrium undergo marked change with the menstrual cycle.
[endo- + G. mētra, uterus]

endometrium

The inner mucous membrane lining of the womb (uterus) that undergoes changes in structure and thickness at different stages of the menstrual cycle, and much of which is shed at menstruation.

endometrium

the lining of the uterus in female mammals, being a glandular MUCUS membrane that undergoes changes during the OESTRUS CYCLE during which it builds up under the influence of OESTROGEN in preparation for receiving the fertilized egg. Where fertilization does not occur, it regresses, or in the case of humans, anthropoid apes and Old-World monkeys, it breaks down over a few days, producing bleeding. See MENSTRUAL CYCLE.

Endometrium

The mucosal layer lining the inner cavity of the uterus. The endometrium's structure changes with age and with the menstrual cycle.

en·do·me·tri·um

, pl. endometria (endō-mē'trē-ŭm, -ă) [TA]
The mucous membrane forming the inner layer of the uterine wall.
[endo- + G. mētra, uterus]

endometrium,

n the uterine mucous membrane lining.

endometrium

the mucous membrane lining the uterus.
References in periodicals archive ?
Father Austriaco quotes the Durand et al, 2001, paper (8) as saying that levonorgestrel did not alter the presence of spiral arteries in the endometrium, a change considered crucial for implantation.
Immunohistochemical analysis revealed a significant loss of p27 expression from normal (33%) through hyperplastic endometrium (50%) to endometrial adenocarcinomas.
After the conventional fixation, anhydration, embeddings, and sectioning, the ovary and ectopic endometrium samples were deparaffinaged in dimethylbenzene and dehydrated in gradient alcohol.
In approximately 1% of all IVF cycles, the endometrium stays too thin for embryos to successfully implant, even with treatment.
Aberrant integrin expression in the endometrium of women with endometriosis.
Speaking about the findings Doctor Felipe Vilella says, "These findings show us that there is an exchange between the endometrium and the embryo, which is something that we already suspected as a result of the coincidence of certain physical characteristics between mothers and children born through ovodonation and also due to the incidence of diseases in children related to maternal pathologies during pregnancy, such as obesity and smoking.
Previous studies have shown that VEGF and its receptors are expressed in the mouse and rabbit endometrium and probably participate in the increased angiogenesis and vascular permeability necessary for implantation (10, 11).
Osseous metaplasia is a rare disorder of the endometrium that occurs in approximately 0.
So there is too much estrogen, causing the endometrium to build up, but not enough progesterone to stabilize it.
Previously, we showed that uterine endometrium and conceptus produce ENPP2 and secrete it into the uterine lumen in pigs (Seo et al.
The medial left fallopian tube was also lined by endometrium for a short distance, and this endometrium resembled the eutopic endometrium, being menstrual in type (Figure 2).
From an October 2010 conference in London, 18 articles consider such topics as stem cells in endometrium and their role in the pathogenesis of endometriosis, ovarian cryopreservation strategies and the find control of ovarian follicle development in vitro, strategies to improve embryo implantation to supraphysiological rates, intensive care treatment of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome, and long-term progestin-only contraception in humans versus animal models.