endometrial polyp


Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.
Related to endometrial polyp: endometrial cancer, Endometrial hyperplasia

endometrial polyp

a pedunculated overgrowth of endometrium, usually benign. Polyps are a common cause of vaginal bleeding in perimenopausal women and are often associated with other uterine abnormalities, such as endometrial hyperplasia or fibroids. They may occur singly or in clusters and are usually 1 cm or less in diameter, but they may become much larger and prolapse through the cervix. Treatment for the condition includes surgical dilation and curettage.
enlarge picture
Endometrial polyp

endometrial

pertaining to or emanating from the endometrium.

endometrial biopsy
punch biopsy specimens obtained in the mare and cow by passing the instrument through the cervix and controlling the site of the biopsy by a hand in the rectum.
endometrial cups
ulcer-like structures in the endometrium of the pregnant mare. They are produced by the fetus but become detached from it. Their function is to produce equine gonadotropin, formerly PMSG.
endometrial curettage
débridement of the endometrium by metal curette is not practiced in animals but a chemical equivalent, by the infusion of irritant substances, is used instead.
endometrial cyst
in cows and ewes near caruncles; develop during uterine involution due to adhesions from the caruncle; no clinical importance.
cystic endometrial hyperplasia
pathological hyperplasia of endometrium, as distinct from the physiological state, due in most instances to excessive and prolonged estrogenic stimulation; characterized by thickening of the endometrium, development of mucus-filled glands and the accumulation of mucus in the lumen of the uterus. Associated with cystic ovarian disease in cows. In ewes it is usually due to prolonged low level intake of phyto-estrogens, e.g. on subterranean clover pasture. It may be a precursor of or associated with pyometra, especially in the dog where the hormonal cause is progesterone. See also pyometra.
endometrial folds
in the mare these run the length of the uterus as observed by fiberscope.
endometrial glands
provide uterine fluid (histotrophe) on which the developing fetus depends for subsistence during its first few days of existence.
endometrial hyperplasia with pyometra
see cystic endometrial hyperplasia.
endometrial polyp
found in the bitch and may cause prolapse of the affected horn with the polyp visible in the vagina.
endometrial regeneration
postpartum return to normal of the endometrium, e.g. in cows by the sloughing of superficial layers of caruncles.
References in periodicals archive ?
There was also consensus among the pathology panel on the absence of endometrial polyps in all of the specimens read by the WHO classification.
The most common benign etiologies for abnormal uterine bleeding diagnosed on imaging include leiomyomas, adenomyosis, endometrial hyperplasia, and endometrial polyps.
In quiz case 14 (Figure 1, A and B), only 33% diagnosed an endometrial polyp in the context of extensive squamous morular metaplasia.
We present two cases of UPSC that were confined to an endometrial polyp without myometrial invasion, and were found to be widely metastatic.
Office hysteroscopy is very reliable in the diagnosis of focal lesions such as endometrial polyps and intracavity myomas, but is less accurate for diagnosing endometrial hyperplasia and cancer.
Endometrial polyps typically present with postmenopausal bleeding, particularly in patients on tamoxifen therapy.
Equal amounts of protein (1 mg) from 2 endometrial carcinomas and 1 endometrial polyp were immunoprecipitated overnight at 4 [degrees] C with either 1 [micro]g c-Kit monoclonal antibody (clone K45) or saline, and then incubated with protein A/G PLUS agarose (Santa Cruz Biotechnology, Santa Cruz, Calif) for 1 hour at 4 [degrees] C.
In gynecological practice, 3D and 4D ultrasound are now being used to detect structural problems of the uterus and diagnose ovarian tumors, endometrial polyps, and fibroids.
Maternal anatomic factors, including congenital uterine abnormalities, endometrial polyps, uterine fibroids, adhesions, hydrosalpinges, endometriosis, etc.
They also have improved reciprocating blades that enable the resection of myomas in addition to endometrial polyps.
Although this process is tightly controlled, uterine cells sometimes proliferate abnormally, leading to menstrual irregularities, endometrial polyps, endometriosis, or endometrial cancer - the most common female genital tract malignancy, causing six percent of cancer deaths among women in the U.
Endometrial polyps are typically seen in postmenopausal women.