endocardiosis

endocardiosis

common cause of cardiac disease in the dog. Characterized by chronic fibrosis and nodular thickening of the free edges of the atrioventicular valves. In the worst cases the valve cusps are distorted converting a minor leak into a massive incompetence. Leads to congestive heart failure. There is no specific cause.
References in periodicals archive ?
La enfermedad degenerativa valvular (EDV), endocardiosis o enfermedad valvular cronica, es la patologia cardiovascular con mayor prevalencia, 75% de los pacientes caninos llevados a consulta cardiologica son diagnosticados en diferentes estadios de la enfermedad (2,9,11,14).
Pathologic findings in a zebu with spongiform encephalopathy, Switzerland, 2004 Site Finding Vertebral column Severe degeneration of intervertebral discs with ankylosing spondylarthrosis Joints of extremities Degenerative joint disease Liver Biliary cysts (affecting 60% of the liver) Kidney Tubular cysts; mild interstitial nephritis with glomerulosclerosis and tubular atrophy Urinary bladder Multiple papillomas Abdominal cavity Multiple foci of fat necrosis Cardiovascular system Mild coronary arteriosclerosis; mild valvular endocardiosis (mitral valve) Mediastinal lymph nodes Focal metastatic neuroendocrine tumor (origin unknown) Central nervous system Spongiform encephalopathy; metabolic encephalopathy (hepatoencephalopathy) Table 2.
It is also called endocardiosis or valvular insufficiency and is most common in smaller dogs, especially the poodle, fox terrier, chihuahua and, in particular, the Cavalier King Charles.