endemic typhus


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Related to endemic typhus: scrub typhus, epidemic typhus

mu·rine ty·phus

a milder form of epidemic typhus caused by Rickettsia typhi and transmitted to humans by rat or mouse fleas.

endemic typhus

endemic typhus

murine typhus

An acute rickettsial infection characterised by fever, headache and rash, similar to (but milder than) epidemic typhus, caused by Rickettsia typhi.  MT occurs sporadically worldwide; it is more prevalent in congested rat-infested urban areas. In the US, it occurs in California, Texas and Hawaii.

Clinical findings
Rash, headache, fever, chills, myalgia, nausea, vomiting, cough; nearly half of patients develop neurological signs (e.g.,  confusion, stupor, seizures, incoordination).

DiffDx
Measles, rubella, Rocky Mountain spotted fever.

Vector
R typhi is transmitted to humans by rat fleas (Xenopsylla cheopis), Reservoir Rats, mice and other rodents.

Management
Tetracycline, chloramphenical.

mu·rine ty·phus

(myūr-ēn' tī'fŭs)
A milder form of epidemic typhus caused by Rickettsia typhi and transmitted to humans by fleas from rats or mice.
Synonym(s): endemic typhus.
References in periodicals archive ?
Because housing and cultural conditions are similar in all countries of Latin America, endemic typhus probably is transmitted in the same way: by coexistence with domestic animals and close contact with wild reservoirs.
Although nobody has died of endemic typhus this year in Los Angeles County, health officials have recorded 10 cases - most recently in November, Van Gordon said.
The establishment of "Mossman," "coastal" and other previously unclassified fevers of north Queensland as endemic typhus.
Murine or endemic typhus is caused by Rickettsia typhi, formerly R.