end-stage renal disease


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End-stage renal disease (ESRD)

Total kidney failure; chronic kidney failure is diagnosed as ESRD when kidney function falls to 5-10% of capacity.

end-stage renal disease

 
chronic renal failure that is irreversible; at this stage serum creatinine and blood urea nitrogen (BUN) levels continue to rise and there is uremia with impairment of all body systems.

end-stage renal disease

End-organ disease, end-stage renal failure The decompensated stage of chronic renal failure, defined as renal insufficiency of a degree that requires dialysis or kidney transplantation for survival  Epidemiology 30% of ESRD is linked to DM and HTN, the most common causes of ESRD; ESRD is seen in kidneys subjected to chronic dialysis Costs ESRD programs for 200,000 Pts–008% of US population, cost $6 x 109–08% of US health care budget Complications Infection, possibly due to impaired macrophage Fc-receptor function  Management Kidney transplantation, see there Prognosis 1-yr survival of graft, ±94%; half-life from living donor grafts, ±22 yrs, from cadaveric grafts, ±14 yrs

re·nal fail·ure

loss of renal function, either acute or chronic, that results in azotemia and syndrome of uremia.
References in classic literature ?
Despite near-universal coverage for end-stage renal disease patients through the Medicare (End Stage Renal Disease) program, black ESRD patients are at a disadvantage to receive a kidney transplantation," said study lead author Rachel E.
Two hundred seventy-nine patients with end-stage renal disease and hyperphosphatemia were randomly assigned to an intervention group or a control group.
Two other factors likely to contribute to the high rates of TB are renal failure (1-3) and the high prevalence of diabetes mellitus in patients from the Indian subcontinent, a group in whom we have noted a high incidence of end-stage renal disease (6).