end-expiratory pressure


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end-expiratory pressure

The pressure in the lungs when exhalation is complete.
See also: pressure
References in periodicals archive ?
Positive end-expiratory pressure to increase internal jugular vein size is poorly tolerated in obese anesthetized adults.
Mechanical ventilation with lower tidal volumes and positive end-expiratory pressure prevents pulmonary inflammation in patients without preexisting lung injury.
Influence of positive end-expiratory pressure on intracranial pressure and cerebral perfusion pressure in patients with acute stroke.
4, and positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) of less than or equal to 5 cm H2O during pressure support ventilation.
On intensive care unit (ICU) admission, her partial pressure of arterial oxygen/fraction of inspired oxygen ratio was 101 under mechanical ventilation, with a positive end-expiratory pressure level of 10 cm [H.
The application of positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) reopens collapsed alveoli, reduces intrapulmonary shunting, improves oxygenation and possibly reduces ventilator-induced lung injury (19,20) Several randomised controlled trials confirm improvements in oxygenation with higher PEEE but failed to demonstrate an overall mortality benefit (21) Nevertheless, higher PEEP in the most severely ill subgroup (i.
High inflation pressure pulmonary edema: respective effects of high airway pressure, high tidal volume, and positive end-expiratory pressure.
Positive end-expiratory pressure devices have been used to reduce ventilatory work, improve gas exchange and counteract intrinsic PEEP in patients receiving mechanical ventilation, (20), (21) but to our knowledge, this technique has not been used on an intermittent basis in nonventilated subjects.
They may be combined with the application of positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP).