Concomitantly, the absolute decreases in LV end-systolic volumes and end-diastolic
volumes at 18 months in the WJMSC group were significantly greater than those in the placebo group.
Although ME/ME' is a marker of increased LV end-diastolic
pressure, whether this finding shows LV diastolic dysfunction in this case is not clear.
Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), end-diastolic
volume (EDV), and end-systolic volume (ESV), are measurements of how well the heart is functioning.
Results: Conventional echocardiographic examinations revealed that beta-thalassemia patients had larger left ventricular end-systolic diameter, end-diastolic
and end-systolic volume, left ventricular mass index, and mitral early/late diastolic flow velocity ratio (p<0.
The routine standard echocardiographic examination included measurements of thickness of the ventricular septum and posterior wall, and end-systolic and end-diastolic
LV diameters from M-mode or 2D imaging.
In the former, the end-systolic and end-diastolic
volumes are first estimated by delineating the endocardial borders in two projections.
After adjustments were made to consider left ventricular end-diastolic
dimension, the risk with NSAIDs remained elevated.
2]) LV end-diastolic
46 47 diameter (mm) LV end-systolic diameter 25 24.
The cardiac variables evaluated on echocardiography included interventricular septum end-diastolic
diameter (IVSd), left ventricular end-diastolic
diameter (LVEDd), left ventricular posterior wall end-diastolic
thickness (LVPWd), interventricular septum systolic diameter (IVSs), left ventricular systolic diameter (LVSd), aortic root width (Ao) and left ventricular (LA) width.
075 LVEF = left ventricular ejection fraction; LVEDD = left ventricular end-diastolic
dimension; LVESD = left ventricular end-systolic dimension; IVSD = interventricular septal dimension; LVPW = left ventricular posterior wall; Ps-Pd = ratio of peak systolic velocity and peak anterograd diastolic velocity of pulmonary venous flow; E = peak velocity of early diastolic filling; A = peak velocity of late filling; Em = early diastolic mitral annular velocity; Am = late diastolic mitral annular velocity; E-Em = early mitral inflow velocity to early diastolic mitral annular velocity ratio.
Pooled results demonstrated that this form of stem cell therapy significantly improves left ventricular function, reducing left ventricular end-systolic and end-diastolic
volumes as well as infarct size and cardiac wall motion.
Echocardiography evidence of left ventricular systolic dysfunction (LVEF < 45%, fractional shortening < 30%, or end-diastolic
dimension > 2.