encephalomyocarditis


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encephalomyocarditis

 [en-sef″ah-lo-mi″o-kahr-di´tis]
a viral disease characterized by degenerative and inflammatory changes in skeletal and cardiac muscle and by lesions of the central nervous system resembling those of poliomyelitis.

en·ceph·a·lo·my·o·car·di·tis

(en-sef'ă-lō-mī'ō-kar-dī'tis),
Associated encephalitis and myocarditis; often caused by a viral infection such as in poliomyelitis.

encephalomyocarditis

/en·ceph·a·lo·myo·car·di·tis/ (-mi″o-kahr-di´tis) a viral disease marked by degenerative and inflammatory changes in skeletal and cardiac muscle and by central lesions resembling those of poliomyelitis.

encephalomyocarditis

[ensef′əlōmī′ōkärdī′tis]
Etymology: Gk, enkephalos + mys, muscle, kardia, heart, itis, inflammation
an infectious disease of the central nervous system and heart tissue caused by a group of small ribonucleic acid picornaviruses. Rodents are a major reservoir of the infection. Human illness ranges from asymptomatic infection to severe encephalomyelitis. Symptoms are generally similar to those of poliomyelitis. Myocarditis is not a feature of infection in humans, and most victims recover promptly without sequelae. Treatment is supportive. See also picornavirus.

en·ceph·a·lo·my·o·car·di·tis

(en-sef'ă-lō-mī'ō-kahr-dī'tis)
Associated encephalitis and myocarditis; often caused by a viral infection such as in poliomyelitis.

encephalomyocarditis

inflammation of the brain and cardiac muscle; abbreviated EMC.

encephalomyocarditis virus disease of pigs
a sporadic disease of pigs caused by a picornavirus (genus Cardiovirus) which is primarily a pathogen of rodents but which infects other species including humans. Affected pigs are most commonly found dead of heart failure without having displayed clinical signs. Longer surviving pigs show tremor, incoordination and dyspnea. There is a characteristic myocarditis evident at necropsy.
References in periodicals archive ?
Human infection with encephalomyocarditis virus in New South Wales.
The isolation of encephalomyocarditis virus from Aotus monkeys.
Fatal disease of swine due to encephalomyocarditis virus.
Encephalomyocarditis virus disease of pigs associated with a plague of rodents.
Serosurvey of encephalomyocarditis virus neutralizing antibodies in southern Louisiana and Peruvian Indian populations.
The prevalence of encephalomyocarditis virus neutralizing antibodies among various human populations.
Phylogenetic analysis of European encephalomyocarditis viruses: comparison of two genomic regions.
The overall genetic range of SafV observed in this preliminary genetic characterization seems to exceed that of both species, Theilovirus and Encephalomyocarditis virus.
The degree of identity between theilovirus and EMCV was the same as that between encephalomyocarditis virus and SafV, z50%.
Antibody responses to two encephalomyocarditis virus vaccines in rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta).